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Glossary

All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W

Ontology

An ontology is a formal representation of knowledge within a domain that is machine-readable, but also understandable to humans. It typically includes unique hierarchically arranged concepts that have specific attributes and are semantically related to other concepts. Dissanayake, P. I., Colicchio, T. K., & Cimino, J. J. (2020). Using clinical reasoning ontologies to make smarter clinical decision support systems: a systematic review and data synthesis. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 27(1), 159-174. https://doi.org/10.1093/jamia/ocz169

Outcome measure

An outcome measure is a measure focusing on the health status of a patient (or change in health status) resulting from health care - desirable or adverse.