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Communication, Performed: Macular Edema Findings Present

eCQM Data Element

Performance/Reporting Period
2021
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent the presence of macular edema.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Communication, or Diagnosis, or as an attribute to represent exam findings.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with the presence of macular edema.
Exclusion Criteria: Concepts that do not indicate macular edema are excluded from this value set.

Constrained to codes in the Communication, Performed: Macular Edema Findings Present value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1320)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.5 Guidance Update)

Communication, Performed

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype reference conveyance of information from one entity (e.g., person, organization, or device) to another.

The "Communication, Performed" code attribute represents the reason for the communication (i.e., the subject). The category attribute allows reference to the type, or category, of communication (e.g., notification, request). In many cases, the eCQM developer may not know the local workflow to address the type of communication; hence, it is listed as an attribute to be used as feasibility allows.

Timing:

  • sent dateTime - when the communication was sent.
  • received dateTime - when the communication was received.

Note: negation rationale indicates a one-time documentation of a reason an activity is not performed. Negation of QDM datatype-related actions for a reason always use the author dateTime attribute to reference timing and must not use relevantPeriod.

QDM Attributes

Author dateTime

The time the data element was entered into the clinical software. Note, some datatypes include both relevant dateTime and author dateTime attributes. When both are present, author dateTime is included to accommodate negation rationale.

The author dateTime addresses when an activity is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end, or subsequent to the end of the activity. The author dateTime should be used only if the relevantPeriod cannot be obtained or to represent the time negation rationale is documented.

Note: negation rationale indicates a one-time documentation of a reason an activity is not performed. Negation of QDM datatype related actions for a reason always use the author dateTime attribute to reference timing and must not use relevantPeriod.

Negation Rationale

Indicates the reason that an action was not performed. Only QDM datatypes that represent actions (e.g., performed, recommended, communication, order, dispensed) allow the negation rationale attribute. The intent is to indicate a justification that such action did not happen as expected. This attribute specifically does not address the presence or absence of information in a clinical record (e.g., documented absence of allergies versus lack of documentation about allergies). QDM assumes a world view that absence of evidence indicates information does not exist or an action did not happen. To express such lack of evidence, an eCQM author should use the CQL expression not exists with reference to the data element rather than the QDM data model. negation rationale in QDM signifies only a reason for such absence, i.e., the reason must be present to qualify for negation rationale. The syntax in the human readable HQMF is addressed in CQL examples and in the MAT User Guide. Prior versions of QDM used the syntax, "Procedure, Performed not done." QDM versions starting with 5.3 use the syntax, "Procedure, not Performed." Section A-5 provides examples for expressing negation rationale in CQL.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this attribute. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Note: negation rationale indicates a one-time documentation of a reason an activity is not performed. Negation of QDM datatype-related actions for a reason always use the author dateTime attribute to reference timing and must not use relevantPeriod.

Sent dateTime

The time a communication was sent
Last Updated: Jun 08, 2020