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Discharged on Antithrombotic Therapy

Compare Versions of: "Discharged on Antithrombotic Therapy"

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Measure Information 2022 Reporting Period 2023 Reporting Period 2024 Reporting Period 2025 Reporting Period
Title Discharged on Antithrombotic Therapy Discharged on Antithrombotic Therapy Discharged on Antithrombotic Therapy Discharged on Antithrombotic Therapy
CMS eCQM ID CMS104v10 CMS104v11 CMS104v12 CMS104v13
Short Name

STK-2

STK-2

STK-2

STK-2

CBE ID* Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Measure Steward The Joint Commission The Joint Commission The Joint Commission The Joint Commission
Description

Ischemic stroke patients prescribed or continuing to take antithrombotic therapy at hospital discharge

Ischemic stroke patients prescribed or continuing to take antithrombotic therapy at hospital discharge

Ischemic stroke patients prescribed or continuing to take antithrombotic therapy at hospital discharge

Ischemic stroke patients prescribed or continuing to take antithrombotic therapy at hospital discharge

Measure Scoring Proportion measure Proportion measure Proportion measure Proportion measure
Measure Type Process Process Process Process
Stratification *See CMS104v10.html *See CMS104v11.html

None

None

Risk Adjustment *See CMS104v10.html *See CMS104v11.html

None

None

Rationale *See CMS104v10.html *See CMS104v11.html

The effectiveness of antithrombotic agents in reducing stroke mortality, stroke-related morbidity and recurrence rates has been studied in several large clinical trials. While the use of these agents for patients with acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attacks continues to be the subject of study, substantial evidence is available from completed studies. Data at this time suggest that antithrombotic therapy should be prescribed at discharge following acute ischemic stroke to reduce stroke mortality and morbidity as long as no contraindications exist.

For patients with a stroke due to a cardioembolic source (e.g., atrial fibrillation, mechanical heart valve), warfarin is recommended unless contraindicated. In recent years, novel oral anticoagulant agents (NOACs) have been developed and approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for stroke prevention, and may be considered as an alternative to warfarin for select patients. Anticoagulation therapy is not generally recommended for secondary stroke prevention in patients presumed to have a non-cardioembolic stroke.

Anticoagulants at doses to prevent venous thromboembolism are insufficient antithrombotic therapy to prevent recurrent ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).

The effectiveness of antithrombotic agents in reducing stroke mortality, stroke-related morbidity and recurrence rates has been studied in several large clinical trials. While the use of these agents for patients with acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attacks continues to be the subject of study, substantial evidence is available from completed studies. Data at this time suggest that antithrombotic therapy should be prescribed at discharge following acute ischemic stroke to reduce stroke mortality and morbidity if no contraindications exist.

For patients with a stroke due to a cardioembolic source (e.g., atrial fibrillation, mechanical heart valve), warfarin is recommended unless contraindicated. In recent years, novel oral anticoagulant agents (NOACs) have been developed and approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for stroke prevention and may be considered as an alternative to warfarin for select patients. Anticoagulation therapy is not generally recommended for secondary stroke prevention in patients presumed to have a non-cardioembolic stroke.

Anticoagulants at doses to prevent venous thromboembolism are insufficient antithrombotic therapy to prevent recurrent ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).

Clinical Recommendation Statement *See CMS104v10.html *See CMS104v11.html

Clinical trial results suggest that antithrombotic therapy should be prescribed at discharge following acute ischemic stroke to reduce stroke mortality and morbidity as long as no contraindications exist

Clinical trial results suggest that antithrombotic therapy should be prescribed at discharge following acute ischemic stroke to reduce stroke mortality and morbidity if no contraindications exist

Improvement Notation

Improvement noted as an increase in rate

Improvement noted as an increase in rate

Improvement noted as an increase in rate

Improvement noted as an increase in rate

Definition *See CMS104v10.html *See CMS104v11.html

None

None

Guidance

The "Non-elective Inpatient Encounter" value set intends to capture all non-scheduled hospitalizations. This value set is a subset of the "Inpatient encounter" value set, excluding concepts that specifically refer to elective hospital admissions. Non-elective admissions include emergency, urgent and unplanned admissions.

The "Medication, Discharge" datatype refers to the discharge medication list and is intended to express medications ordered for post-discharge use.

This eCQM is an episode-based measure. An episode is defined as each inpatient hospitalization or encounter that ends during the measurement period.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.5. Please refer to the eCQI resource center for more information on the QDM.

The "Non-elective Inpatient Encounter" value set intends to capture all non-scheduled hospitalizations. This value set is a subset of the "Inpatient encounter" value set, excluding concepts that specifically refer to elective hospital admissions. Non-elective admissions include emergency, urgent and unplanned admissions.

The "Medication, Discharge" datatype refers to the discharge medication list and is intended to express medications ordered for post-discharge use.

The denominator population includes patients with inpatient hospitalizations and patients from Acute Hospital Care at Home programs, who are treated and billed as inpatients but receive care in their home.

This eCQM is an episode-based measure. An episode is defined as each inpatient hospitalization or encounter that ends during the measurement period.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.6. Please refer to the QDM page for more information on the QDM.

The "Nonelective Inpatient Encounter" value set intends to capture all non-scheduled hospitalizations. This value set is a subset of the "Inpatient encounter" value set, excluding concepts that specifically refer to elective hospital admissions. Non-elective admissions include emergency, urgent and unplanned admissions.

The "Medication, Discharge" datatype refers to the discharge medication list and is intended to express medications ordered for post-discharge use.

The denominator population includes patients with inpatient hospitalizations and patients from Acute Hospital Care at Home programs, who are treated and billed as inpatients but receive care in their home.

This eCQM is an episode-based measure. An episode is defined as each inpatient hospitalization or encounter that ends during the measurement period.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.6. Please refer to the QDM page for more information on the QDM.

The "Nonelective Inpatient Encounter" value set intends to capture all non-scheduled hospitalizations. This value set is a subset of the "Inpatient encounter" value set, excluding concepts that specifically refer to elective hospital admissions. Non-elective admissions include emergency, urgent and unplanned admissions.

The "Medication, Discharge" datatype refers to the discharge medication list and is intended to express medications ordered for post-discharge use.

The denominator population includes patients with inpatient hospitalizations and patients from Acute Hospital Care at Home programs, who are treated and billed as inpatients but receive care in their home.

This eCQM is an episode-based measure. An episode is defined as each inpatient hospitalization or encounter that ends during the measurement period.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.6. Please refer to the QDM page for more information on the QDM.

Initial Population

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients age 18 and older, discharged from inpatient care (non-elective admissions) with a principal diagnosis of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke and a length of stay less than or equal to 120 days that ends during the measurement period

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients age 18 and older, discharged from inpatient care (non-elective admissions) with a principal diagnosis of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke and a length of stay less than or equal to 120 days that ends during the measurement period

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients age 18 and older, discharged from inpatient care (non-elective admissions) with a principal diagnosis of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke and a length of stay less than or equal to 120 days that ends during the measurement period

Inpatient hospitalizations (non-elective admissions) for patients age 18 and older, discharged from inpatient care with a principal diagnosis of ischemic stroke, ending during the measurement period

Denominator

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with a principal diagnosis of Ischemic stroke

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with a principal diagnosis of Ischemic stroke

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with a principal diagnosis of ischemic stroke

Equals Initial Population

Denominator Exclusions

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients admitted for elective carotid intervention. This exclusion is implicitly modeled by only including non-elective hospitalizations.

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to another hospital

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who left against medical advice

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who expired

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to home for hospice care

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to a health care facility for hospice care

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients admitted for elective carotid intervention. This exclusion is implicitly modeled by only including non-elective hospitalizations.

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to another hospital

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who left against medical advice

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who expired

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to home for hospice care

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to a health care facility for hospice care

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients admitted for elective carotid intervention. This exclusion is implicitly modeled by only including non-elective hospitalizations.

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to another hospital

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who left against medical advice

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who expired

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to home for hospice care

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to a health care facility for hospice care

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients admitted for elective carotid intervention. This exclusion is implicitly modeled by only including non-elective hospitalizations.

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to another hospital

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who left against medical advice

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who expired

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to home for hospice care

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients discharged to a health care facility for hospice care

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented

Numerator

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients prescribed or continuing to take antithrombotic therapy at hospital discharge

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients prescribed or continuing to take antithrombotic therapy at hospital discharge

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients prescribed or continuing to take antithrombotic therapy at hospital discharge

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients prescribed or continuing to take antithrombotic therapy at hospital discharge

Numerator Exclusions

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Denominator Exceptions

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with a documented reason for not prescribing antithrombotic therapy at discharge.

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who receive Ticagrelor or Prasugrel as an antithrombotic therapy at discharge.

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with a documented reason for not prescribing antithrombotic therapy at discharge

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who receive Prasugrel as an antithrombotic therapy at discharge

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with a documented reason for not prescribing antithrombotic therapy at discharge

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who receive Prasugrel as an antithrombotic therapy at discharge

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with a documented reason for not prescribing antithrombotic therapy at discharge

- Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who receive Prasugrel as an antithrombotic therapy at discharge

Next Version No Version Available
Previous Version No Version Available
Specifications
Attachment Size
CMS104v13.html 90.49 KB
CMS104v13.zip 75.93 KB
CMS104v13-TRN.xlsx 22.42 KB
eCQM Jira Issue Tracker
*Note there may be more tickets in the eCQM Tracker - ONC Project Tracking System (Jira) for this measure. Only tickets tagged with their associated CMS measure ID appear.

Header

  • Updated the eCQM version number.

    Measure Section:

    eCQM Version Number

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Changed all references from NQF to CBE to identify the consensus-based entity role.

    Measure Section:

    CBE Number

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Updated copyright.

    Measure Section:

    Copyright

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Removed length of stay requirement from narrative to align with global common library update.

    Measure Section:

    Initial Population

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Removed narrative text referring to hemorrhagic stroke. Measure refers only to the ischemic stroke population.

    Measure Section:

    Initial Population

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Updated grammar, wording, and/or formatting to improve readability and consistency.

    Measure Section:

    Multiple Sections

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Updated references and measure header to reflect current evidence and new or updated literature.

    Measure Section:

    Multiple Sections

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

Logic

  • Updated the version number of the TJCOverall Library to v8.0.000 and the library name from 'TJCOverall' to 'TJCOverallQDM.'

    Measure Section:

    Definitions

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Updated the version number of the Measure Authoring Tool (MAT) Global Common Functions Library to v8.0.000 and the library name from 'MATGlobalCommonFunctions' to 'MATGlobalCommonFunctionsQDM.'

    Measure Section:

    Definitions

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Renamed value set to 'Payer Type' to more accurately reflect the contents and intent of the value set.

    Measure Section:

    Definitions

    Source of Change:

    Standards/Technical Update

  • Updated the names of CQL definitions, functions, and/or aliases for clarification and to align with the CQL Style Guide.

    Measure Section:

    Definitions

    Source of Change:

    Standards/Technical Update

  • Updated the version number of the TJCOverall Library to v8.0.000 and the library name from 'TJCOverall' to 'TJCOverallQDM.'

    Measure Section:

    Functions

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Updated the version number of the Measure Authoring Tool (MAT) Global Common Functions Library to v8.0.000 and the library name from 'MATGlobalCommonFunctions' to 'MATGlobalCommonFunctionsQDM.'

    Measure Section:

    Functions

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Removed definition 'All Stroke Encounter' due to the removal of hemorrhagic stroke from the initial population.

    Measure Section:

    Multiple Sections

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Removed 120 day length of stay criteria to align with global common library update.

    Measure Section:

    Multiple Sections

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Created a single definition 'Non Elective Encounter with Age,' consolidating definitions 'Non Elective Inpatient Encounter' and 'Encounter with Principal Diagnosis and Age.'

    Measure Section:

    Multiple Sections

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Updated 'Ischemic Stroke Encounter' to include new definition 'Non Elective Encounter with Age.'

    Measure Section:

    Multiple Sections

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

Value Set

The VSAC is the source of truth for the value set content, please visit the VSAC for downloads of current value sets.

  • Value set Antithrombotic Therapy for Ischemic Stroke (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1110.62): Added 13 RxNorm codes based on terminology update. Deleted 1 RxNorm code (1804738) based on terminology update. Deleted 2 RxNorm codes (854228, 854235) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Removed value set Hemorrhagic Stroke (2.16.840.1.113883.3.117.1.7.1.212) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.3591): Renamed to Payer Type based on recommended value set naming conventions.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

Last Updated: Jun 03, 2024