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Heart Failure (HF): Beta-Blocker Therapy for Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction (LVSD)

Measure Information 2023 Performance Period
CMS eCQM ID CMS144v11
NQF Number 0083e
Description

Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of heart failure (HF) with a current or prior left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <= 40% who were prescribed or already taking beta-blocker therapy during the measurement period

Initial Population

All patients aged 18 years and older with two qualifying encounters during the measurement period and a diagnosis of heart failure

Denominator

Equals Initial Population with a current or prior LVEF <= 40%

Denominator Exclusions

Patients with a history of heart transplant or with a Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) prior to the end of the outpatient encounter with Moderate or Severe LVSD

Numerator

Patients who were prescribed or already taking beta-blocker therapy during the measurement period

Numerator Exclusions

Not Applicable

Denominator Exceptions

Documentation of medical reason(s) for not prescribing beta-blocker therapy (e.g., arrhythmia, asthma, bradycardia, hypotension, patients with atrioventricular block without cardiac pacer, observation of consecutive heart rates <50, allergy, intolerance, other medical reasons).

Documentation of patient reason(s) for not prescribing beta-blocker therapy (e.g., patient declined, other patient reasons)

Measure Steward American Heart Association
Quality Domain Effective Clinical Care
Measure Scoring Proportion measure
Measure Type Process measure
Improvement Notation

Higher score indicates better quality

Guidance

This eCQM is to be reported as patient-based. To satisfy this measure, it must be reported for all heart failure patients at least once during the measurement period.

A range value should satisfy the logic requirement for 'Ejection Fraction' as long as the ranged observation value clearly meets the less than or equal to 40% threshold noted in the denominator logic. A range that is greater than 40% would not meet the measure requirement.

Beta-blocker therapy:

-For patients with prior LVEF <= 40%, beta-blocker therapy should include bisoprolol, carvedilol, or sustained release metoprolol succinate.

The requirement of two or more visits is to establish that the eligible professional or eligible clinician has an existing relationship with the patient.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.6. Please refer to the QDM page for more information on the QDM.

MIPS Quality ID 008
Meaningful Measure Management of Chronic Conditions
Telehealth Eligible Yes
Next Version No Version Available
Previous Version

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Measure Information 2021 Performance Period 2022 Performance Period 2023 Performance Period
Title Heart Failure (HF): Beta-Blocker Therapy for Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction (LVSD) Heart Failure (HF): Beta-Blocker Therapy for Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction (LVSD) Heart Failure (HF): Beta-Blocker Therapy for Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction (LVSD)
CMS eCQM ID CMS144v9 CMS144v10 CMS144v11
NQF Number 0083e 0083e 0083e
Description

Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of heart failure (HF) with a current or prior left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% who were prescribed beta-blocker therapy either within a 12-month period when seen in the outpatient setting OR at each hospital discharge

Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of heart failure (HF) with a current or prior left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% who were prescribed beta-blocker therapy either within a 12-month period when seen in the outpatient setting OR at each hospital discharge

Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of heart failure (HF) with a current or prior left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <= 40% who were prescribed or already taking beta-blocker therapy during the measurement period

Initial Population

All patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of heart failure

All patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of heart failure

All patients aged 18 years and older with two qualifying encounters during the measurement period and a diagnosis of heart failure

Denominator

Equals Initial Population with a current or prior LVEF < 40%

Equals Initial Population with a current or prior LVEF < 40%

Equals Initial Population with a current or prior LVEF <= 40%

Denominator Exclusions None None Patients with a history of heart transplant or with a Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) prior to the end of the outpatient encounter with Moderate or Severe LVSD
Numerator

Patients who were prescribed beta-blocker therapy either within a 12-month period when seen in the outpatient setting OR at each hospital discharge

Patients who were prescribed beta-blocker therapy either within a 12-month period when seen in the outpatient setting OR at each hospital discharge

Patients who were prescribed or already taking beta-blocker therapy during the measurement period

Numerator Exclusions

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Denominator Exceptions

Documentation of medical reason(s) for not prescribing beta-blocker therapy (e.g., low blood pressure, fluid overload, asthma, patients recently treated with an intravenous positive inotropic agent, allergy, intolerance, other medical reasons).

Documentation of patient reason(s) for not prescribing beta-blocker therapy (e.g., patient declined, other patient reasons).

Documentation of system reason(s) for not prescribing beta-blocker therapy (e.g., other reasons attributable to the healthcare system).

Documentation of medical reason(s) for not prescribing beta-blocker therapy (e.g., low blood pressure, fluid overload, asthma, patients recently treated with an intravenous positive inotropic agent, allergy, intolerance, other medical reasons).

Documentation of patient reason(s) for not prescribing beta-blocker therapy (e.g., patient declined, other patient reasons).

Documentation of system reason(s) for not prescribing beta-blocker therapy (e.g., other reasons attributable to the healthcare system).

Documentation of medical reason(s) for not prescribing beta-blocker therapy (e.g., arrhythmia, asthma, bradycardia, hypotension, patients with atrioventricular block without cardiac pacer, observation of consecutive heart rates <50, allergy, intolerance, other medical reasons).

Documentation of patient reason(s) for not prescribing beta-blocker therapy (e.g., patient declined, other patient reasons)

Measure Steward PCPI(R) Foundation (PCPI[R]) American Heart Association-American Stroke Association American Heart Association
Quality Domain Effective Clinical Care Effective Clinical Care Effective Clinical Care
Measure Scoring Proportion measure Proportion measure Proportion measure
Measure Type Process measure Process measure Process measure
Improvement Notation

Higher score indicates better quality

Higher score indicates better quality

Higher score indicates better quality

Guidance

This eCQM is to be reported as patient-based or episode-based, depending on the clinical setting. To satisfy this measure, it must be reported for all heart failure patients at least once during the measurement period if seen in the outpatient setting. If the patient has an eligible inpatient discharge during the measurement period, as defined in the measure logic, it is expected to be reported at each hospital discharge.

A range value should satisfy the logic requirement for 'Ejection Fraction' as long as the ranged observation value clearly meets the less than 40% threshold noted in the denominator logic. A range that is inclusive of or greater than 40% would not meet the measure requirement.

Beta-blocker therapy:

-For patients with prior LVEF < 40%, beta-blocker therapy should include bisoprolol, carvedilol, or sustained release metoprolol succinate.

The requirement of two or more visits used in Population Criteria 1 is to establish that the eligible professional or eligible clinician has an existing relationship with the patient.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.5. Please refer to the eCQI resource center for more information on the QDM.

This eCQM is to be reported as patient-based or episode-based, depending on the clinical setting. To satisfy this measure, it must be reported for all heart failure patients at least once during the measurement period if seen in the outpatient setting. If the patient has an eligible inpatient discharge during the measurement period, as defined in the measure logic, it is expected to be reported at each hospital discharge.

A range value should satisfy the logic requirement for 'Ejection Fraction' as long as the ranged observation value clearly meets the less than 40% threshold noted in the denominator logic. A range that is inclusive of or greater than 40% would not meet the measure requirement.

Beta-blocker therapy:

-For patients with prior LVEF < 40%, beta-blocker therapy should include bisoprolol, carvedilol, or sustained release metoprolol succinate.

The requirement of two or more visits used in Population Criteria 1 is to establish that the eligible professional or eligible clinician has an existing relationship with the patient.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.5. Please refer to the eCQI resource center (https://ecqi.healthit.gov/qdm) for more information on the QDM.

This eCQM is to be reported as patient-based. To satisfy this measure, it must be reported for all heart failure patients at least once during the measurement period.

A range value should satisfy the logic requirement for 'Ejection Fraction' as long as the ranged observation value clearly meets the less than or equal to 40% threshold noted in the denominator logic. A range that is greater than 40% would not meet the measure requirement.

Beta-blocker therapy:

-For patients with prior LVEF <= 40%, beta-blocker therapy should include bisoprolol, carvedilol, or sustained release metoprolol succinate.

The requirement of two or more visits is to establish that the eligible professional or eligible clinician has an existing relationship with the patient.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.6. Please refer to the QDM page for more information on the QDM.

MIPS Quality ID 008 008 008
Meaningful Measure Management of Chronic Conditions Management of Chronic Conditions Management of Chronic Conditions
Telehealth Eligible Yes Yes Yes
Next Version CMS144v10 CMS144v11 No Version Available
Previous Version No Version Available

Release Notes

Header

  • Updated name of measure steward.

    Measure Section: Measure Steward

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated copyright.

    Measure Section: Copyright

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated disclaimer.

    Measure Section: Disclaimer

    Source of Change: Standards/Technical Update

  • Updated rationale to align with most recent guidelines.

    Measure Section: Rationale

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Update clinical recommendation statement to align with most recent guidelines.

    Measure Section: Clinical Recommendation Statement

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated references.

    Measure Section: Reference

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated version number of the Quality Data Model (QDM) used in the measure specification to v5.6.

    Measure Section: Guidance

    Source of Change: Standards/Technical Update

  • Updated initial population statement to align with measure logic requiring at least two qualifying encounters.

    Measure Section: Initial Population

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated the denominator statement to include patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than or equal to 40% to align with clinical guidelines.

    Measure Section: Denominator

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Added denominator exclusions for patients with a history of heart transplant or with a Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD), because these patients were not included in clinical treatment trials for low LVEF heart failure.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exclusions

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated the numerator statement to more closely align with measure logic.

    Measure Section: Numerator

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Removed system reason denominator exception due to wide-availability of medications.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exceptions

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated denominator exception statement to better align with specific medical conditions in the logic.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exceptions

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Removed Population 2, the inpatient population, from the measure to address implementer feedback and keep measure intent contained to the outpatient setting.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

Logic

  • Updated the logic to include an LVEF less than or equal to 40%, to align with clinical guidelines.

    Measure Section: Denominator

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Added denominator exclusions to the logic excluding patients with a history of heart transplant or a Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD), heart transplant-related diagnoses, and LVAD-related diagnoses, because these patients were not included in clinical treatment trials for low LVEF heart failure.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exclusions

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Removed system reason denominator exception due to wide-availability of medications.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exceptions

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Replaced 'Device, Applied' with 'Procedure, Performed' in Cardiac Pacer Implanted expression to align with current QDM.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exceptions

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Replaced timing operator 'overlaps after' with 'starts before end of' to allow use of 'NormalizeInterval' function, where applicable.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exceptions

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated encounter logic definition name by adding 'History of' to align with intent of capturing patients with a history of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD).

    Measure Section: Definitions

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated the version of the Quality Data Model (QDM) to 5.6 and Clinical Quality Language (CQL) to 1.5.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards/Technical Update

  • Updated the version number of the Measure Authoring Tool (MAT) Global Common Functions Library to v7.0.000.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards/Technical Update

  • Removed Population 2, the inpatient population, from the measure to address implementer feedback and keep measure intent contained to the outpatient setting.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Replaced the Global.CalendarAgeInYearsAt function with the native CQL function AgeInYearsAt to take advantage of existing CQL features and increase human readability. As a result of this change, the LOINC code 21112-8 is no longer required and has been removed from the Terminology section of the human readable specification.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Added the 'NormalizeInterval' function to 'Procedure, Performed', 'Physical Exam, Performed', and 'Diagnosis' to decrease implementation burden due to variable use of timing attributes.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated the names of CQL definitions, functions, and/or aliases for clarification and to align with the CQL Style Guide.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards/Technical Update

Value set

The VSAC is the source of truth for the value set content, please visit the VSAC for downloads of current value sets.

  • Value set Cardiac Pacer in Situ (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.368): Added 1 SNOMED CT code (443325000) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Value set Bradycardia (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.412): Added 2 SNOMED CT codes (1142110005, 1142111009) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Beta Blocker Therapy for LVSD (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1184): Added 4 RxNorm codes (1999031, 1999033, 1999035, 1999037) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Value set Beta Blocker Therapy Ingredient (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1493): Added 2 RxNorm codes (31555, 9947) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Value set Asthma (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.362): Added 1 SNOMED CT code (762521001) based on terminology update. Deleted 2 SNOMED CT codes (304527002, 708038006) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Arrhythmia (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.366): Added 26 SNOMED CT codes based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Ejection Fraction (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1134): Added 3 LOINC codes (93644-3, 93645-0, 93646-8) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Removed value set System Reason (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1009) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Removed value set Discharge Services - Hospital Inpatient (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1007) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Added value set Left Ventricular Assist Device Placement (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1178.61) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Added value set Left Ventricular Assist Device Related Diagnoses (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1178.58) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Added value set Heart Transplant Related Diagnoses (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1178.56) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Added value set Heart Transplant (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1178.33) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Added value set Cardiac Pacer (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1178.53) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Value set Medical Reason (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1007): Deleted 1 SNOMED CT code (397745006) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Removed value set Cardiac Pacer (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1193) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Removed direct reference code LOINC code (21112-8) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

Last Updated: Aug 29, 2022