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["Substance, Administered": "Breast Milk"]

Performance/Reporting Period
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent breast milk.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Substance. The intent of this data element is to identify breast milk.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with SNOMED CT codes that identify breast milk.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Substance, Administered: Breast Milk value set (2.16.840.1.113883.

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.5 Guidance Update)

"Substance, Administered"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the substance indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set was actually given to the patient.


  • relevant dateTime references the time the substance is administered if it was given or taken at a single point in time.
  • relevantPeriod references a start and stop time for substance administration if the administration event occurred over a time interval.
  • The relevantPeriod addresses:
    • startTime - when a single substance administration event starts (e.g., the initiation of an intravenous infusion).
    • stopTime - when a single substance administration event ends (e.g., the end time of the intravenous infusion).
  • author dateTime references the time the substance administration was recorded and applies only when the record has no reference to the time the substance administration occurred and only the recorded time is available.


eCQMs using this data element:
QDM Attributes


Relevant Period addresses the time between the start of an action to the end of an action. Each datatype using relevant period defines specific definitions for the start and stop time for the action listed.

Note: negation rationale indicates a one-time documentation of a reason an activity is not performed. Negation of QDM datatyperelated actions for a reason always use the author dateTime attribute to reference timing and must not use relevantPeriod

Last Updated: Jul 08, 2021