Back to top
Top
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Https

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Diabetes: Eye Exam

Compare Versions of: "Diabetes: Eye Exam"

The Compare function compares two years of the measure specifications found in the header of the measure's HTML. It does not include a comparison of any information in the body of the HTML, e.g., population criteria, Clinical Quality Language, or value sets.

Strikethrough text highlighted in red indicates information changed from the previous version. Text highlighted in green indicates information updated in the new eCQM version.

Compare version to

Measure Information 2022 Performance Period 2023 Performance Period 2024 Performance Period 2025 Performance Period
Title Diabetes: Eye Exam Diabetes: Eye Exam Diabetes: Eye Exam Diabetes: Eye Exam
CMS eCQM ID CMS131v10 CMS131v11 CMS131v12 CMS131v13
CBE ID* Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
MIPS Quality ID 117 117 117 117
Measure Steward National Committee for Quality Assurance National Committee for Quality Assurance National Committee for Quality Assurance National Committee for Quality Assurance
Description

Percentage of patients 18-75 years of age with diabetes and an active diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period who had a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional during the measurement period or diabetics with no diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period who had a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional during the measurement period or in the 12 months prior to the measurement period

Percentage of patients 18-75 years of age with diabetes and an active diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period who had a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional during the measurement period or diabetics with no diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period who had a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional during the measurement period or in the 12 months prior to the measurement period

Percentage of patients 18-75 years of age with diabetes and an active diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period who had a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional during the measurement period or diabetics with no diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period who had a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional during the measurement period or in the 12 months prior to the measurement period

Percentage of patients 18-75 years of age with diabetes and an active diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period who had a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional during the measurement period or diabetics with no diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period who had a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional during the measurement period or in the 12 months prior to the measurement period

Measure Scoring Proportion measure Proportion measure Proportion measure Proportion measure
Measure Type Process Process Process Process
Stratification *See CMS131v10.html *See CMS131v11.html

None

None

Risk Adjustment *See CMS131v10.html *See CMS131v11.html

None

None

Rationale *See CMS131v10.html *See CMS131v11.html

Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2022a). In 2019, diabetes affected more than 37 million Americans (11.3 percent of the U.S. population) and killed more than 87,000 people (American Diabetes Association [ADA], 2022a). Diabetes is a long-lasting disease marked by high blood glucose levels, resulting from the body's inability to produce or use insulin properly (CDC, 2022a). People with diabetes are at increased risk of serious health complications including vision loss, heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, amputation of feet or legs, and premature death (CDC, 2022b).

In 2017, diabetes cost the U.S. an estimated $327 billion: $237 billion in direct medical costs and $90 billion in reduced productivity. This is a 34 percent increase from the estimated $245 billion spent on diabetes in 2012 (ADA, 2018).

Diabetic retinopathy is progressive damage to the small blood vessels in the retina that may result in loss of vision. It is the leading cause of blindness in adults between 20-74 years of age. Approximately 4.1 million adults are affected by diabetic retinopathy (CDC, 2020).

Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2022a). In 2019, diabetes affected more than 37 million Americans (11.3 percent of the U.S. population) and killed more than 87,000 people (American Diabetes Association [ADA], 2022a). Diabetes is a long-lasting disease marked by high blood glucose levels, resulting from the body's inability to produce or use insulin properly (CDC, 2022a). People with diabetes are at increased risk of serious health complications including vision loss, heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, amputation of feet or legs, and premature death (CDC, 2022b).

In 2017, diabetes cost the U.S. an estimated $327 billion: $237 billion in direct medical costs and $90 billion in reduced productivity. This is a 34 percent increase from the estimated $245 billion spent on diabetes in 2012 (ADA, 2018).

Diabetic retinopathy is progressive damage to the small blood vessels in the retina that may result in loss of vision. It is the leading cause of blindness in adults between 20-74 years of age. Approximately 4.1 million adults are affected by diabetic retinopathy (CDC, 2020).

Clinical Recommendation Statement *See CMS131v10.html *See CMS131v11.html

American Diabetes Association (2022b):

- Adults with type 1 diabetes should have an initial dilated and comprehensive eye examination by an ophthalmologist or optometrist within 5 years after the onset of diabetes. (Level of evidence: B)

- Patients with type 2 diabetes should have an initial dilated and comprehensive eye examination by an ophthalmologist or optometrist at the time of the diabetes diagnosis. (Level of evidence: B)

- If there is no evidence of retinopathy for one or more annual eye exam and glycemia is well controlled, then screening every 1–2 years may be considered. If any level of diabetic retinopathy is present, subsequent dilated retinal examinations should be repeated at least annually by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. If retinopathy is progressing or sight threatening, then examinations will be required more frequently. (Level of evidence: B)

American Diabetes Association (2023):

- Adults with type 1 diabetes should have an initial dilated and comprehensive eye examination by an ophthalmologist or optometrist within 5 years after the onset of diabetes. (Level of evidence: B)

- Patients with type 2 diabetes should have an initial dilated and comprehensive eye examination by an ophthalmologist or optometrist at the time of the diabetes diagnosis. (Level of evidence: B)

- If there is no evidence of retinopathy for one or more annual eye exams and glycemia is well controlled, then screening every 1–2 years may be considered. If any level of diabetic retinopathy is present, subsequent dilated retinal examinations should be repeated at least annually by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. If retinopathy is progressing or sight threatening, then examinations will be required more frequently. (Level of evidence: B)

Improvement Notation

Higher score indicates better quality

Higher score indicates better quality

Higher score indicates better quality

Higher score indicates better quality

Definition *See CMS131v10.html *See CMS131v11.html

None

None

Guidance

Only patients with a diagnosis of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes should be included in the denominator of this measure; patients with a diagnosis of secondary diabetes due to another condition should not be included.

The eye exam must be performed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist, or there must be evidence that fundus photography results were read by a system that provides an artificial intelligence (AI) interpretation.

This eCQM is a patient-based measure.

 

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.5. Please refer to the eCQI resource center for more information on the QDM.

The eye exam must be performed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist, or there must be evidence that fundus photography results were read by a system that provides an artificial intelligence (AI) interpretation.

This eCQM is a patient-based measure.

 

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.6. Please refer to the QDM page for more information on the QDM.

The eye exam must be performed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist, or there must be evidence that fundus photography results were read by a system that provides an artificial intelligence (AI) interpretation.

This eCQM is a patient-based measure.

 

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.6. Please refer to the QDM page for more information on the QDM.

The eye exam must be performed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist, or there must be evidence that fundus photography results were read by a system that provides an artificial intelligence (AI) interpretation.

This eCQM is a patient-based measure.

 

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.6. Please refer to the QDM page for more information on the QDM.

Initial Population

Patients 18-75 years of age with diabetes with a visit during the measurement period

Patients 18-75 years of age by the end of the measurement period, with diabetes with a visit during the measurement period

Patients 18-75 years of age by the end of the measurement period, with diabetes with a visit during the measurement period

Patients 18-75 years of age by the end of the measurement period, with diabetes with a visit during the measurement period

Denominator

Equals Initial Population

Equals Initial Population

Equals Initial Population

Equals Initial Population

Denominator Exclusions

Exclude patients who are in hospice care for any part of the measurement period.

Exclude patients 66 and older who are living long term in an institution for more than 90 consecutive days during the measurement period.

Exclude patients 66 and older with an indication of frailty for any part of the measurement period who meet any of the following criteria:

- Advanced illness with two outpatient encounters during the measurement period or the year prior

- OR advanced illness with one inpatient encounter during the measurement period or the year prior

- OR taking dementia medications during the measurement period or the year prior

Exclude patients receiving palliative care during the measurement period.

Exclude patients who are in hospice care for any part of the measurement period.

Exclude patients 66 and older by the end of the measurement period who are living long term in a nursing home any time on or before the end of the measurement period.

Exclude patients 66 and older by the end of the measurement period with an indication of frailty for any part of the measurement period who also meet any of the following advanced illness criteria:

- Advanced illness with two outpatient encounters during the measurement period or the year prior

- OR advanced illness with one inpatient encounter during the measurement period or the year prior

- OR taking dementia medications during the measurement period or the year prior

Exclude patients receiving palliative care for any part of the measurement period.

Exclude patients who are in hospice care for any part of the measurement period.

Exclude patients 66 and older by the end of the measurement period who are living long term in a nursing home any time on or before the end of the measurement period.

Exclude patients 66 and older by the end of the measurement period with an indication of frailty for any part of the measurement period who also meet any of the following advanced illness criteria:

- Advanced illness with two outpatient encounters during the measurement period or the year prior

- OR advanced illness with one inpatient encounter during the measurement period or the year prior

- OR taking dementia medications during the measurement period or the year prior

Exclude patients receiving palliative care for any part of the measurement period.

Exclude patients who are in hospice care for any part of the measurement period.

Exclude patients 66 and older by the end of the measurement period with an indication of frailty for any part of the measurement period who also meet any of the following advanced illness criteria:

- Advanced illness diagnosis during the measurement period or the year prior

- OR taking dementia medications during the measurement period or the year prior

Exclude patients 66 and older by the end of the measurement period who are living long term in a nursing home any time on or before the end of the measurement period.

Exclude patients receiving palliative care for any part of the measurement period.

Numerator

Patients with an eye screening for diabetic retinal disease. This includes diabetics who had one of the following:

•Diabetic with a diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period and a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional in the measurement period

•Diabetic with no diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period and a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional in the measurement period or the year prior to the measurement period

Patients with an eye screening for diabetic retinal disease. This includes diabetics who had one of the following:

•Diabetic with a diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period and a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional in the measurement period

•Diabetic with no diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period and a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional in the measurement period or the year prior to the measurement period

Patients with an eye screening for diabetic retinal disease. This includes diabetics who had one of the following:

- Diabetic with a diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period and a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional in the measurement period

- Diabetic with no diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period and a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional in the measurement period or the year prior to the measurement period

Patients with an eye screening for diabetic retinal disease. This includes diabetics who had one of the following:

- Diabetic with a diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period and a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional in the measurement period

- Diabetic with no diagnosis of retinopathy in any part of the measurement period and a retinal or dilated eye exam by an eye care professional in the measurement period or the year prior to the measurement period

Numerator Exclusions

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Denominator Exceptions

None

None

None

None

Telehealth Eligible Yes Yes Yes Yes
Next Version No Version Available
Previous Version No Version Available
Specifications
Attachment Size
CMS131v13.html 80.27 KB
CMS131v13.zip 102.75 KB
CMS131v13-TRN.xlsx 22.26 KB
eCQM Jira Issue Tracker
*Note there may be more tickets in the eCQM Tracker - ONC Project Tracking System (Jira) for this measure. Only tickets tagged with their associated CMS measure ID appear.

Header

  • Updated the eCQM version number.

    Measure Section:

    eCQM Version Number

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Changed all references from NQF to CBE to identify the consensus-based entity role.

    Measure Section:

    CBE Number

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Updated copyright.

    Measure Section:

    Copyright

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Aligned order of exclusions listed in the narrative and logic to improve overall readability.

    Measure Section:

    Denominator Exclusions

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Reduced the complexity of advanced illness criteria by removing the requirement to have at least two outpatient encounters or one inpatient encounter with the advanced illness diagnosis.

    Measure Section:

    Denominator Exclusions

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Updated grammar, wording, and/or formatting to improve readability and consistency.

    Measure Section:

    Multiple Sections

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Updated references and measure header to reflect current evidence and new or updated literature.

    Measure Section:

    Multiple Sections

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

Logic

  • Updated the timing comparison precision in the definitions from datetime to date by adding 'day of' operator to align with the measure intent and address time zone issues.

    Measure Section:

    Initial Population

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Reduced the complexity of advanced illness criteria by removing the requirement to have at least two outpatient encounters or one inpatient encounter with the advanced illness diagnosis.

    Measure Section:

    Definitions

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Renamed value set to 'Payer Type' to more accurately reflect the contents and intent of the value set.

    Measure Section:

    Definitions

    Source of Change:

    Standards/Technical Update

  • Updated the timing comparison precision in the definitions from datetime to date by adding 'day of' operator to align with the measure intent and address time zone issues.

    Measure Section:

    Definitions

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Updated the version number of the Advanced Illness and Frailty Exclusion ECQM Library to v9.0.000 and the library name from 'AdvancedIllnessandFrailtyExclusionECQM' to 'AdvancedIllnessandFrailtyQDM.'

    Measure Section:

    Definitions

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Updated the version number of the Hospice Library to v6.0.000 and the library name from 'Hospice' to 'HospiceQDM.'

    Measure Section:

    Definitions

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Updated the version number of the Measure Authoring Tool (MAT) Global Common Functions Library to v8.0.000 and the library name from 'MATGlobalCommonFunctions' to 'MATGlobalCommonFunctionsQDM.'

    Measure Section:

    Definitions

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Updated the version number of the Palliative Care Exclusion Library to v4.0.000 and the library name from 'PalliativeCareExclusionECQM' to 'PalliativeCareQDM.'

    Measure Section:

    Definitions

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

  • Updated the version number of the Measure Authoring Tool (MAT) Global Common Functions Library to v8.0.000 and the library name from 'MATGlobalCommonFunctions' to 'MATGlobalCommonFunctionsQDM.'

    Measure Section:

    Functions

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

Value Set

The VSAC is the source of truth for the value set content, please visit the VSAC for downloads of current value sets.

  • Removed value set Acute Inpatient (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1083) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set Advanced Illness (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.110.12.1082): Added 69 ICD-10-CM codes based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback. Deleted 5 ICD-10-CM codes (F01.51, F02.81, F03.91, J84.17, K74.0) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback. Added 109 SNOMED CT codes based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback. Deleted 22 SNOMED CT codes based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set Annual Wellness Visit (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1240): Added 3 SNOMED CT codes (86013001, 90526000, 866149003) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback. Added 1 HCPCS code (G0402) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set Diabetes (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.103.12.1001): Deleted 1 SNOMED CT code (314904008) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Removed value set Emergency Department Evaluation and Management Visit (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1010) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set Frailty Device (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.118.12.1300): Added 12 SNOMED CT codes based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback. Deleted 14 SNOMED CT codes based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set Frailty Diagnosis (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.113.12.1074): Deleted 7 SNOMED CT codes (414188008, 414189000, 16728003, 162845004, 699215008, 699218005, 459821000124104) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set Frailty Symptom (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.113.12.1075): Deleted 10 SNOMED CT codes (267031002, 272062008, 314109004, 271875007, 394616008, 163600007, 163695007, 268964003, 272036004, 225612007) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set Home Healthcare Services (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1016): Deleted 1 CPT code (99343) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set Hospice Care Ambulatory (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1584): Added 2 SNOMED CT codes (170935008, 170936009) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback. Deleted 1 SNOMED CT code (385765002) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Removed value set Nonacute Inpatient (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1084) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Removed value set Observation (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1086) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set Office Visit (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1001): Deleted 2 SNOMED CT codes (30346009, 37894004) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback. Deleted 1 CPT code (99201) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Removed value set Outpatient (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1087) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set Palliative Care Encounter (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1090): Added 3 SNOMED CT codes (305686008, 305824005, 441874000) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Measure Lead

  • Value set (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.3591): Renamed to Payer Type based on recommended value set naming conventions.

    Measure Section:

    Terminology

    Source of Change:

    Annual Update

Last Updated: Jun 03, 2024