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Preventive Care and Screening: Tobacco Use: Screening and Cessation Intervention

General eCQM Information

CMS Measure ID CMS138v10
NQF Number 0028e
Measure Description

Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older who were screened for tobacco use one or more times during the measurement period AND who received tobacco cessation intervention if identified as a tobacco user

Three rates are reported:

a. Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older who were screened for tobacco use one or more times during the measurement period

b. Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older who were identified as a tobacco user who received tobacco cessation intervention

c. Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older who were screened for tobacco use one or more times during the measurement period AND who received tobacco cessation intervention if identified as a tobacco user

Initial Population All patients aged 18 years and older seen for at least two visits or at least one preventive visit during the measurement period
Denominator Statement

Population 1:

Equals Initial Population

Population 2:

Equals Initial Population who were screened for tobacco use and identified as a tobacco user

Population 3:

Equals Initial Population

Denominator Exclusions

None

Numerator Statement

Population 1:

Patients who were screened for tobacco use at least once during the measurement period

Population 2:

Patients who received tobacco cessation intervention

Population 3:

Patients who were screened for tobacco use at least once during the measurement period AND who received tobacco cessation intervention if identified as a tobacco user

Numerator Exclusions

Not Applicable

Denominator Exceptions

Population 1:

Documentation of medical reason(s) for not screening for tobacco use (e.g., limited life expectancy, other medical reason)

Population 2:

Documentation of medical reason(s) for not providing tobacco cessation intervention (e.g., limited life expectancy, other medical reason)

Population 3:

Documentation of medical reason(s) for not screening for tobacco use OR for not providing tobacco cessation intervention for patients identified as tobacco users (e.g., limited life expectancy, other medical reason)

Measure Steward National Committee for Quality Assurance
Domain Community/Population Health
Measure Scoring Proportion
Measure Type Process
Improvement Notation

Higher score indicates better quality

Guidance

The requirement of two or more visits is to establish that the eligible professional or eligible clinician has an existing relationship with the patient for certain types of encounters.

To satisfy the intent of this measure, a patient must have at least one tobacco use screening during the measurement period. If a patient has multiple tobacco use screenings during the measurement period, only the most recent screening, which has a documented status of tobacco user or tobacco non-user, will be used to satisfy the measure requirements.

If a patient uses any type of tobacco (i.e., smokes or uses smokeless tobacco), the expectation is that they should receive tobacco cessation intervention: either counseling and/or pharmacotherapy.

As noted above in a recommendation statement from the USPSTF, the current evidence is insufficient to recommend electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) including electronic cigarettes for tobacco cessation. Additionally, ENDS are not currently classified as tobacco in the recent evidence review to support the update of the USPSTF recommendation given that the devices do not burn or use tobacco leaves. In light of the current lack of evidence, the measure does not currently capture e-cigarette usage as either tobacco use or a cessation aid.

If tobacco use status of a patient is unknown, the patient does not meet the screening component required to be counted in the numerator and should be considered a measure failure. Instances where tobacco use status of "unknown" is recorded include: 1) the patient was not screened; or 2) the patient was screened and the patient (or caregiver) was unable to provide a definitive answer. If the patient does not meet the screening component of the numerator but has an allowable medical exception, then the patient should be removed from the denominator of the measure and reported as a valid exception.

In order to promote a team-based approach to patient care, the tobacco cessation intervention can be performed by another healthcare provider; therefore, the tobacco use screening and tobacco cessation intervention do not need to be performed by the same provider or clinician.

The medical reason exception may be applied to either the screening data element OR to any of the applicable tobacco cessation intervention data elements (counseling and/or pharmacotherapy) included in the measure.

If a patient has a diagnosis of limited life expectancy, that patient has a valid denominator exception for not being screened for tobacco use or for not receiving tobacco use cessation intervention (counseling and/or pharmacotherapy) if identified as a tobacco user.

This measure contains three reporting rates which aim to identify patients who were screened for tobacco use (rate/population 1), patients who were identified as tobacco users and who received tobacco cessation intervention (rate/population 2), and a comprehensive look at the overall performance on tobacco screening and cessation intervention (rate/population 3). By separating this measure into various reporting rates, the eligible professional or eligible clinician will be able to better ascertain where gaps in performance exist, and identify opportunities for improvement. The overall rate (rate/population 3) can be utilized to compare performance to published versions of this measure prior to the 2018 performance year, when the measure had a single performance rate. For accountability reporting in the CMS MIPS program, the rate for population 2 is used for performance.

The denominator of population criteria 2 is a subset of the resulting numerator for population criteria 1, as population criteria 2 is limited to assessing if patients identified as tobacco users received an appropriate tobacco cessation intervention. For all patients, population criteria 1 and 3 are applicable, but population criteria 2 will only be applicable for those patients who are identified as tobacco users. Therefore, data for every patient that meets the initial population criteria will only be submitted for population 1 and 3, whereas data submitted for population 2 will be for a subset of patients who meet the initial population criteria, as the denominator has been further limited to those who were identified as tobacco users.

This eCQM is a patient-based measure.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.5. Please refer to the eCQI resource center (https://ecqi.healthit.gov/qdm) for more information on the QDM.

Quality ID 226
Meaningful Measure Prevention and Treatment of Opioid and Substance Use Disorders
Telehealth Eligible Yes
Previous Version

Release Notes

Header

  • Updated the eCQM version number.

    Measure Section: eCQM Version Number

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated Measure Steward.

    Measure Section: Measure Steward

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated Measure Developer.

    Measure Section: Measure Developer

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated copyright.

    Measure Section: Copyright

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated disclaimer.

    Measure Section: Disclaimer

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated the Clinical Recommendation Statement language to add USPSTF recommendation on pharmacotherapy interventions for pregnant women.

    Measure Section: Clinical Recommendation Statement

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Replaced 'within 12 months' or 'during the 12-month period' with 'during the measurement period' in the header to reduce confusion for implementers.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Annual Update

Logic

  • Added online assessments and telephone visits as appropriate encounters based on the increased use of telehealth services.

    Measure Section: Initial Population

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Revised the definition name Office Based Visit During Measurement Period to Qualified Visit During Measurement Period to reflect the addition of telehealth codes.

    Measure Section: Definitions

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated the version number of the Measure Authoring Tool (MAT) Global Common Functions Library (MATGlobalCommonFunctions-6.2.000). Updated the 'Inpatient Encounter' definition to include a 'day of' timing clarification. Added the following timing functions: Normalize Interval, Has Start, Has End, Latest, Latest Of, Earliest, and Earliest Of. Please see individual measure details for application of specific timing functions.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Added new NormalizeInterval function to timing attributes to decrease implementation burden due to variable use of timing attributes for select QDM data types. The NormalizeInterval function was applied, where applicable, for the following data elements: Assessment, Performed; Device, Applied; Diagnostic Study, Performed; Intervention, Performed; Laboratory Test, Performed; Medication, Administered; Medication, Dispensed; Physical Exam, Performed; Procedure, Performed; Substance, Administered.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

Value Set

The VSAC is the source of truth for the value set content, please visit the VSAC for downloads of current value sets.

  • Value set Tobacco User (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1170): Deleted 1 SNOMED CT code (43381005) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Value set Tobacco Use Cessation Pharmacotherapy (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1190): Added 12 RxNorm codes based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback. Deleted 4 RxNorm codes (199283, 993550, 993567, 993681) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Added value set Online Assessments (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1089) based on change in measure requirements/measure specification.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Added value set Telephone Visits (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1080) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

Last Updated: Jul 08, 2021