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CMS Measure ID: CMS128v8    Performance/Reporting Period: 2020    Version: 8    NQF Number: Not Applicable
Description:

Percentage of patients 18 years of age and older who were treated with antidepressant medication, had a diagnosis of major depression, and who remained on an antidepressant medication treatment. Two rates are reported.

a. Percentage of patients who remained on an antidepressant medication for at least 84 days (12 weeks).

b. Percentage of patients who remained on an antidepressant medication for at least 180 days (6 months).

Data Elements and coded QDM Attributes contained within the eCQM

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Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent major depression.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Diagnosis.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with diagnosis of major depression including mild, moderate, and severe depression; maternal depression; and depression with and without psychotic features. This is a grouping of ICD-10-CM and SNOMED CT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes depression in remission.

Constrained to codes in the Diagnosis: Major Depression value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.105.12.1007)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Diagnosis"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the Condition/Diagnosis/Problem and its corresponding value set. The onset dateTime corresponds to the implicit start dateTime of the datatype and the abatement dateTime corresponds to the implicit stop dateTime of the datatype. If the abatement dateTime is not present, then the diagnosis is considered to still be active. When this datatype is used with timing relationships, the criterion is looking for an active diagnosis for the time frame indicated by the timing relationships.

Timing: The Prevalence Period references the time from the onset date to the abatement date.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set grouping contains concepts that represent annual wellness visits.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Encounter. The intent of this data element is to identify patients who have had an annual wellness visit.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with encounters specific to annual wellness visits.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Annual Wellness Visit value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1240)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent the most common inpatient encounter types.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Encounter. The intent of this data element is to identify patients who have had an inpatient encounter.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with SNOMED CT codes representing inpatient encounter.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Encounter Inpatient value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.666.5.307)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients who have had a home health visit by a provider for the evaluation or management of a new or existing patient.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with home visits for the evaluation and management of a new or established patient. This is a grouping value set of CPT and SNOMED CT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Home Healthcare Services value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1016)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients who have had an interaction with a member of their medical team on admission to a nursing facility.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with services provided to new and established patients in a nursing facility (skilled, intermediate and long-term care facilities).
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes visits in settings other than a nursing facility.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Nursing Facility Visit value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1012)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients who have had an office or other outpatient visit.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with comprehensive history, evaluation, and management of a patient in an office or outpatient facility. Patient can be presenting with problems that are minor to high severity. This is a grouping value set of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes non-office visits, including telehealth services.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Office Visit 1 value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1001)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients over the age of 18 who have had an established preventive care office visit.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with comprehensive preventive medicine reevaluation and management of an individual the age of 18 years or over. This is a grouping value set of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes non-office visits, including telehealth services.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Preventive Care Services - Established Office Visit, 18 and Up 1 value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1025)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients over the age of 18 who have had an initial preventive care office visit.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with comprehensive preventive medicine reevaluation and management of an individual the age of 18 years or over. This is a grouping value set of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes non-office visits, including telehealth services.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Preventive Care Services-Initial Office Visit, 18 and Up value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1023)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent visits during which a psychiatric diagnostic evaluation is completed.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Encounter.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with visits with the completion of psychiatric diagnostic evaluations.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes group psychotherapy or family psychotherapy.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Psych Visit - Diagnostic Evaluation value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1492)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent visits for psychotherapy.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Encounter.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with visits for individual psychotherapy services.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes group psychotherapy or family psychotherapy.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Psych Visit - Psychotherapy value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1496)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent telephone evaluations.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with identifying evaluation and management services to a patient by telephone. This is a grouping of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes telephone evaluation and management services that last for less than five minutes.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Telephone Evaluation value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1082)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent telephone management.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with all relevant codes used to identify assessment and management services to a patient by telephone. This is a grouping of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes telephone assessment and management services that last for less than five minutes.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Telephone Management value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1053)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Procedure, Order or Intervention, Order. The intent of this value set is to identify all patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with hospice care concepts.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes concepts for palliative care or comfort measures.

Constrained to codes in the Intervention, Order: Hospice care ambulatory value set (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1108.15)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Intervention, Order"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document a request to perform the intervention indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The time the order is signed; Author dateTime

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Procedure, Order or Intervention, Order. The intent of this value set is to identify all patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with hospice care concepts.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes concepts for palliative care or comfort measures.

Constrained to codes in the Intervention, Performed: Hospice care ambulatory value set (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1108.15)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Intervention, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the completion of the intervention indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the intervention begins
  • stopTime – the time the intervention ends

NOTE - timing refers to a single instance of an intervention. If a measure seeks to evaluate multiple interventions over a period of time, the measure developer should use CQL logic to represent the query request.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent visits for psychotherapy.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Encounter.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with visits for individual psychotherapy services.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes group psychotherapy or family psychotherapy.

Constrained to codes in the Intervention, Performed: Psych Visit - Psychotherapy value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.1496)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Intervention, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the completion of the intervention indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the intervention begins
  • stopTime – the time the intervention ends

NOTE - timing refers to a single instance of an intervention. If a measure seeks to evaluate multiple interventions over a period of time, the measure developer should use CQL logic to represent the query request.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent antidepressant medications.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Medication, Active or Medication, Dispensed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with semantic clinical drugs (concepts associated with component, form and strength); generic; prescribable. Includes only relevant concepts associated with antidepressant medication. This is a grouping of RxNorm codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes branded drugs; components or ingredients only; non-prescribable.

Constrained to codes in the Medication, Active: Antidepressant Medication value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1213)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Medication, Active"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the medication indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is being taken by the patient. Keep in mind that when this datatype is used with timing relationships, the criterion is looking for a medication being taken for the time frame indicated by the timing relationships.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.  

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime - when the medication is first known to be used (generally the time of entry on the medication list),
  • stopTime - when the medication is discontinued (generally, the time discontinuation is recorded on the medication list)
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent antidepressant medications.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Medication, Active or Medication, Dispensed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with semantic clinical drugs (concepts associated with component, form and strength); generic; prescribable. Includes only relevant concepts associated with antidepressant medication. This is a grouping of RxNorm codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes branded drugs; components or ingredients only; non-prescribable.

Constrained to codes in the Medication, Dispensed: Antidepressant Medication value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1213)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Medication, Dispensed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that a prescription for the medication indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set has been dispensed and provided to the patient or patient proxy. In the ambulatory setting, medications are primarily taken directly by patients and not directly observed. Hence, dispensed, or fulfillment, information is the closest health provider documentation of medication compliance. In settings where patients attest to taking medications in electronic format (perhaps a Personal Health Record), patient attestation of medication taken may be available. The QDM datatype, Medication, Administered addresses medication taken; to address the source of the information, a measure addressing such patient attestation would require use of the dataflow attribute, source.

Timing: The time the medication dispensing event occurs; the Author dateTime.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime - when the first administration of the medication is expected. If not specified. the startTime defaults to the Author dateTime (the time the medication dispensing event occurs).
  • stopTime - when the medication supply provided by the dispensing event is expected to be completed.

Note that when calculating cumulative medication duration, the medication dispensed stopTime may be present directly in the fulfillment record. If the stopTime is not available, the duration in days is the difference between the Relevant Period start and stop times. The record may indicate which of the available refills the fulfillment represents but each dispensing event is unique. Therefore, the measure developer should use CQL logic to address multiple dispensing events over a period of time.

Direct Reference Code

Constrained to 'Birth date' LOINC code

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Patient Characteristic Birthdate"

The Patient Characteristic Birthdate data element should document the patient’s date of birth. Timing: The Patient Characteristic, Birthdate is a single point in time representing the date and time of birth. It does not have a start and stop time. Note: Patient Characteristic Birthdate is fixed to LOINC code 21112-8 (Birth date) and therefore cannot be further qualified with a value set.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: n/a Data Element Scope: n/a Inclusion Criteria: n/a Exclusion Criteria: n/a

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic, Ethnicity: Ethnicity value set (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.837)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Patient Characteristic Ethnicity"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the patient has one or more of the ethnicities indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: Ethnicity does not have a specific timing. Measures using Patient Characteristic, Ethnicity should address the most recent entry in the clinical record.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: Categories of types of health care payor entities as defined by the US Public Health Data Consortium SOP code system
Data Element Scope: @code in CCDA r2.1 template Planned Coverage [act: identifier urn:oid:2.16.840.1.113883.10.20.22.4.129 (open)] DYNAMIC
Inclusion Criteria: All codes in the code system
Exclusion Criteria: none

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic, Payer: Payer value set (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.3591)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Patient Characteristic Payer"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the patient has one or more of the payers indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the first day of insurance coverage with the referenced payer
  • stopTime – the last day of insurance coverage with the referenced payer

 

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: n/a Data Element Scope: n/a Inclusion Criteria: n/a Exclusion Criteria: n/a

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic, Race: Race value set (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.836)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Patient Characteristic Race"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the patient’s race.

Timing: Race does not have a specific timing. Measures using Patient Characteristic, Race should address the most recent entry in the clinical record.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: Gender identity restricted to only Male and Female used in administrative situations requiring a restriction to these two categories.
Data Element Scope: Gender
Inclusion Criteria: Male and Female only.
Exclusion Criteria: Any gender identity that is not male or female.

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic, Sex: ONC Administrative Sex value set (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Patient Characteristic Sex"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the patient's sex matches the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: Birth (administrative) sex does not have a specific timing.