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Intensive Care Unit Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis

Measure Information 2022 Reporting Period
CMS eCQM ID CMS190v10
Short Name VTE-2
NQF Number Not Applicable
Description

This measure assesses the number of patients who received VTE prophylaxis or have documentation why no VTE prophylaxis was given the day of or the day after the initial admission (or transfer) to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) or surgery end date for surgeries that start the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

Initial Population

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients age 18 and older, discharged from hospital inpatient acute care without a diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) or obstetrics with a length of stay less than or equal to 120 days that ends during the measurement period

Denominator

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients directly admitted or transferred to ICU during the hospitalization

Denominator Exclusions

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who have a hospital length of stay (LOS) less than 2 days

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented anytime between the day of arrival and the day after ICU admission or transfer

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented by the day after surgery end date for surgeries that end the day of or the day after hospital admission

* Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with a principal procedure of surgical care improvement Project (SCIP) VTE selected surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission or transfer

Numerator

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who received VTE prophylaxis:

- the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

- the day of or the day after surgery end date for surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who have documentation of a reason why no VTE prophylaxis was given:

- between the day of arrival and the day after ICU admission (for patients directly admitted as inpatients to the ICU)

- the day of or the day after surgery end date (for surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

Numerator Exclusions

Not Applicable

Denominator Exceptions

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with ICU LOS less than one day

Measure Steward The Joint Commission
Measure Scoring Proportion measure
Measure Type Process measure
Improvement Notation

Improvement noted as an increase in rate

Guidance

The definition of an ICU for the purpose of the measures noted above is that used by the CDC in the NHSN Patient Safety Project. An intensive care unit can be defined as a nursing care area that provides intensive observation, diagnosis, and therapeutic procedures for adults and/or children who are critically ill. An ICU excludes nursing areas that provide step-down, intermediate care or telemetry only and specialty care areas.

Reasons for no pharmacological and no mechanical VTE prophylaxis must be explicitly documented by the MD/APN/PA or pharmacist and linked with VTE prophylaxis. Ambulation alone is not a sufficient reason for not administering VTE prophylaxis. In order for ambulation/patient ambulating to be considered as an acceptable reason, there needs to be explicit documentation, e.g., "patient out of bed and ambulating in halls - no VTE prophylaxis needed."

This eCQM is an episode-based measure. An episode is defined as each inpatient hospitalization or encounter that ends during the measurement period.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.5. Please refer to the eCQI resource center (https://ecqi.healthit.gov/qdm) for more information on the QDM.

Meaningful Measure Preventive Care
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Measure Information 2021 Reporting Period 2022 Reporting Period 2023 Reporting Period
Title Intensive Care Unit Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis Intensive Care Unit Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis Intensive Care Unit Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis
CMS eCQM ID CMS190v9 CMS190v10 CMS190v11
Short Name VTE-2 VTE-2 VTE-2
NQF Number Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Description

This measure assesses the number of patients who received VTE prophylaxis or have documentation why no VTE prophylaxis was given the day of or the day after the initial admission (or transfer) to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) or surgery end date for surgeries that start the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

This measure assesses the number of patients who received VTE prophylaxis or have documentation why no VTE prophylaxis was given the day of or the day after the initial admission (or transfer) to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) or surgery end date for surgeries that start the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

This measure assesses the number of patients who received Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis or have documentation why no VTE prophylaxis was given the day of or the day after the initial admission (or transfer) to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) or surgery end date for surgeries that start the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

Initial Population

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients age 18 and older, discharged from hospital inpatient acute care without a diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) or obstetrics with a length of stay less than or equal to 120 days that ends during the measurement period

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients age 18 and older, discharged from hospital inpatient acute care without a diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) or obstetrics with a length of stay less than or equal to 120 days that ends during the measurement period

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients age 18 and older, discharged from hospital inpatient acute care without a diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) or obstetrics with a length of stay less than or equal to 120 days that ends during the measurement period

Denominator

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients directly admitted or transferred to ICU during the hospitalization

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients directly admitted or transferred to ICU during the hospitalization

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients directly admitted or transferred to ICU during the hospitalization

Denominator Exclusions * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who have a hospital length of stay (LOS) less than 2 days * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented anytime between the day of arrival and the day after ICU admission or transfer * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented by the day after surgery end date for surgeries that end the day of or the day after hospital admission * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with a principal procedure of surgical care improvement Project (SCIP) VTE selected surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission or transfer * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who have a hospital length of stay (LOS) less than 2 days * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented anytime between the day of arrival and the day after ICU admission or transfer * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented by the day after surgery end date for surgeries that end the day of or the day after hospital admission * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with a principal procedure of surgical care improvement Project (SCIP) VTE selected surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission or transfer * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who have a hospital length of stay (LOS) less than 2 days * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with a principal procedure of surgical care improvement Project (SCIP) VTE selected surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission or transfer * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented anytime between the day of arrival and the day after ICU admission or transfer * Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with comfort measures documented by the day after surgery end date for surgeries that end the day of or the day after hospital admission
Numerator

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who received VTE prophylaxis:

- the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

- the day of or the day after surgery end date for surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who have documentation of a reason why no VTE prophylaxis was given:

- between the day of arrival and the day after ICU admission (for patients directly admitted as inpatients to the ICU)

- the day of or the day after surgery end date (for surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who received VTE prophylaxis:

- the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

- the day of or the day after surgery end date for surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who have documentation of a reason why no VTE prophylaxis was given:

- between the day of arrival and the day after ICU admission (for patients directly admitted as inpatients to the ICU)

- the day of or the day after surgery end date (for surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who received VTE prophylaxis:

- the day of or the day after ICU admission (or transfer)

- the day of or the day after surgery end date (for surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission or transfer)

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients who have documentation of a reason why no VTE prophylaxis was given:

- between the day of arrival and the day after ICU admission (for patients directly admitted as inpatients to the ICU)

- the day of or the day after surgery end date (for surgeries that end the day of or the day after ICU admission or transfer)

Numerator Exclusions

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Denominator Exceptions

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with ICU LOS less than one day

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with ICU LOS less than one day

Inpatient hospitalizations for patients with ICU LOS less than one day

Measure Steward The Joint Commission The Joint Commission The Joint Commission
Measure Scoring Proportion measure Proportion measure Proportion measure
Measure Type Process measure Process measure Process measure
Improvement Notation

Improvement noted as an increase in rate

Improvement noted as an increase in rate

Improvement noted as an increase in rate

Guidance

The definition of an ICU for the purpose of the measures noted above is that used by the CDC in the NHSN Patient Safety Project. An intensive care unit can be defined as a nursing care area that provides intensive observation, diagnosis, and therapeutic procedures for adults and/or children who are critically ill. An ICU excludes nursing areas that provide step-down, intermediate care or telemetry only and specialty care areas.

Reasons for no pharmacological and no mechanical VTE prophylaxis must be explicitly documented by the MD/APN/PA or pharmacist and linked with VTE prophylaxis. Ambulation alone is not a sufficient reason for not administering VTE prophylaxis. In order for ambulation/patient ambulating to be considered as an acceptable reason, there needs to be explicit documentation, e.g., "patient out of bed and ambulating in halls - no VTE prophylaxis needed."

This eCQM is an episode-based measure.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.5. Please refer to the eCQI resource center for more information on the QDM.

The definition of an ICU for the purpose of the measures noted above is that used by the CDC in the NHSN Patient Safety Project. An intensive care unit can be defined as a nursing care area that provides intensive observation, diagnosis, and therapeutic procedures for adults and/or children who are critically ill. An ICU excludes nursing areas that provide step-down, intermediate care or telemetry only and specialty care areas.

Reasons for no pharmacological and no mechanical VTE prophylaxis must be explicitly documented by the MD/APN/PA or pharmacist and linked with VTE prophylaxis. Ambulation alone is not a sufficient reason for not administering VTE prophylaxis. In order for ambulation/patient ambulating to be considered as an acceptable reason, there needs to be explicit documentation, e.g., "patient out of bed and ambulating in halls - no VTE prophylaxis needed."

This eCQM is an episode-based measure. An episode is defined as each inpatient hospitalization or encounter that ends during the measurement period.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.5. Please refer to the eCQI resource center (https://ecqi.healthit.gov/qdm) for more information on the QDM.

The definition of an ICU for the purpose of the measures noted above is that used by the CDC in the NHSN Patient Safety Project. An intensive care unit can be defined as a nursing care area that provides intensive observation, diagnosis, and therapeutic procedures for adults and/or children who are critically ill. An ICU excludes nursing areas that provide step-down, intermediate care or telemetry only and specialty care areas.

Reasons for no pharmacological and no mechanical VTE prophylaxis must be explicitly documented by the MD/APN/PA or pharmacist and linked with VTE prophylaxis. Ambulation alone is not a sufficient reason for not administering VTE prophylaxis. In order for ambulation/patient ambulating to be considered as an acceptable reason, there needs to be explicit documentation, e.g., "patient out of bed and ambulating in halls - no VTE prophylaxis needed."

The denominator population includes patients with inpatient hospitalizations and patients from Acute Hospital Care at Home programs, who are treated and billed as inpatients but receive care in their home.

This eCQM is an episode-based measure. An episode is defined as each inpatient hospitalization or encounter that ends during the measurement period.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.6. Please refer to the QDM page for more information on the QDM.

Meaningful Measure Preventive Care Preventive Care Preventive Care
Next Version CMS190v10 CMS190v11 No Version Available
Previous Version No Version Available

Release Notes

Header

  • Updated the eCQM version number.

    Measure Section: eCQM Version Number

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated copyright.

    Measure Section: Copyright

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Corrected a misspelling.

    Measure Section: Clinical Recommendation Statement

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Added clarifying language to the guidance section of episode-based measures to define the episode.

    Measure Section: Guidance

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

Logic

  • Created a library named 'VTE' for an Initial Population definition that is shared by both VTE-1 and VTE-2 measures.

    Measure Section: Initial Population

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated Global.'Inpatient Encounter' definition by adding 'day of' to ensure all cases within the measurement period are captured and evaluated in the initial population.

    Measure Section: Definitions

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Replace relevantDatetime with Global.'EarliestOf'() for assessment performed datatype to decrease implementation burden due to variable use of timing attributes for the same QDM datatypes used across measures.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: ONC Project Tracking System (Jira): CQM-3873

  • Updated the names of Clinical Quality Language (CQL) definitions, functions, and/or aliases for clarification and to align with the CQL Style Guide.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Updated the version number of the Measure Authoring Tool (MAT) Global Common Functions Library (MATGlobalCommonFunctions-6.2.000). Updated the 'Inpatient Encounter' definition to include a 'day of' timing clarification. Added the following timing functions: Normalize Interval, Has Start, Has End, Latest, Latest Of, Earliest, and Earliest Of. Please see individual measure details for application of specific timing functions.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Added new NormalizeInterval function to timing attributes to decrease implementation burden due to variable use of timing attributes for select QDM data types. The NormalizeInterval function was applied, where applicable, for the following data elements: Assessment, Performed; Device, Applied; Diagnostic Study, Performed; Intervention, Performed; Laboratory Test, Performed; Medication, Administered; Medication, Dispensed; Physical Exam, Performed; Procedure, Performed; Substance, Administered.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Updated VTEICU CQL Library to version 5.2.000.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated TJC_Overall CQL Library to version 5.2.000.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

Value Set

The VSAC is the source of truth for the value set content, please visit the VSAC for downloads of current value sets.

  • Value set Oral Factor Xa Inhibitor for VTE Prophylaxis or VTE Treatment (2.16.840.1.113883.3.117.1.7.1.134): Deleted 2 RxNorm codes (1927856, 1927864) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Low Molecular Weight Heparin for VTE Prophylaxis (2.16.840.1.113883.3.117.1.7.1.219): Deleted 1 RxNorm code (978713) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set General Surgery (2.16.840.1.113883.3.117.1.7.1.255): Deleted 7 SNOMED CT codes (173743009, 173744003, 174309007, 235280006, 239989009, 287794009, 287861004) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Obstetrics VTE (2.16.840.1.113883.3.117.1.7.1.264): Deleted 2 SNOMED CT codes (200302000, 663008) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Venous Thromboembolism (2.16.840.1.113883.3.117.1.7.1.279): Deleted 1 ICD-10-CM code (I28.9) based on review by technical experts, SMEs, and/or public feedback. Deleted 2 SNOMED CT codes (276494008, 413956008) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Obstetrics (2.16.840.1.113883.3.117.1.7.1.263): Added 3 ICD-10-CM codes (O99.891, O99.892, O99.893) based on terminology update. Deleted 36 SNOMED CT codes and 1 ICD-10-CM code (O99.89) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Renamed value set Rivaroxaban for VTE Prophylaxis (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1110.50) based on recommended value set naming conventions.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Rivaroxaban for VTE Prophylaxis (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1110.50): Deleted 2 RxNorm codes (1927856, 1927864) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

Last Updated: Aug 29, 2022