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Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG): Optic Nerve Evaluation

Compare Versions of: "Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG): Optic Nerve Evaluation"

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Measure Information 2022 Performance Period 2023 Performance Period 2024 Performance Period
Title Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG): Optic Nerve Evaluation Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG): Optic Nerve Evaluation Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG): Optic Nerve Evaluation
CMS eCQM ID CMS143v10 CMS143v11 CMS143v12
CBE ID 0086e 0086e 0086e
MIPS Quality ID 012 012 012
Description

Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) who have an optic nerve head evaluation during one or more visits within 12 months

Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) who have an optic nerve head evaluation during one or more visits within 12 months

Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) who have an optic nerve head evaluation during one or more visits within 12 months

Definition *See CMS143v10.html *See CMS143v11.html

None

Initial Population

All patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma

All patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma

All patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma

Numerator

Patients who have an optic nerve head evaluation during one or more visits within 12 months

Patients who have an optic nerve head evaluation during one or more visits within 12 months

Patients who have an optic nerve head evaluation during one or more visits within 12 months

Numerator Exclusions

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Denominator

Equals Initial Population

Equals Initial Population

Equals Initial Population

Denominator Exclusions

None

None

None

Denominator Exceptions

Documentation of medical reason(s) for not performing an optic nerve head evaluation

Documentation of medical reason(s) for not performing an optic nerve head evaluation

Documentation of medical reason(s) for not performing an optic nerve head evaluation

Measure Steward American Academy of Ophthalmology American Academy of Ophthalmology American Academy of Ophthalmology
Measure Scoring Proportion measure Proportion measure Proportion measure
Measure Type Process measure Process measure Process measure
Improvement Notation

Higher score indicates better quality

Higher score indicates better quality

Higher score indicates better quality

Guidance

Optic nerve head evaluation includes examination of the cup to disc ratio and identification of optic disc or retinal nerve abnormalities. Both of these components of the optic nerve head evaluation are examined using ophthalmoscopy.

The measure, as written, does not specifically require documentation of laterality. Coding limitations in particular clinical terminologies do not currently allow for that level of specificity (ICD-10-CM includes laterality, but SNOMED-CT does not uniformly include this distinction). Therefore, at this time, it is not a requirement of this measure to indicate laterality of the diagnoses, findings or procedures. Available coding to capture the data elements specified in this measure has been provided. It is assumed that the eligible professional or eligible clinician will record laterality in the patient medical record, as quality care and clinical documentation should include laterality.

This eCQM is a patient-based measure.

Telehealth encounters are not eligible for this measure because the measure requires a clinical action that cannot be conducted via telehealth.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.5. Please refer to the eCQI resource center for more information on the QDM.

Optic nerve head evaluation includes examination of the cup to disc ratio and identification of optic disc or retinal nerve abnormalities. Both of these components of the optic nerve head evaluation are examined using ophthalmoscopy.

The measure, as written, does not specifically require documentation of laterality. Coding limitations in particular clinical terminologies do not currently allow for that level of specificity (ICD-10-CM includes laterality, but SNOMED-CT does not uniformly include this distinction). Therefore, at this time, it is not a requirement of this measure to indicate laterality of the diagnoses, findings or procedures. Available coding to capture the data elements specified in this measure has been provided. It is assumed that the eligible professional or eligible clinician will record laterality in the patient medical record, as quality care and clinical documentation should include laterality.

This eCQM is a patient-based measure.

Telehealth encounters are not eligible for this measure because the measure requires a clinical action that cannot be conducted via telehealth.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.6. Please refer to the QDM page for more information on the QDM.

Optic nerve head evaluation includes examination of the cup to disc ratio and identification of optic disc or retinal nerve abnormalities. Both of these components of the optic nerve head evaluation are examined using ophthalmoscopy.

The measure, as written, does not specifically require documentation of laterality. Coding limitations in particular clinical terminologies do not currently allow for that level of specificity (ICD-10-CM includes laterality, but SNOMED-CT does not uniformly include this distinction). Therefore, at this time, it is not a requirement of this measure to indicate laterality of the diagnoses, findings or procedures. Available coding to capture the data elements specified in this measure has been provided. It is assumed that the eligible professional or eligible clinician will record laterality in the patient medical record, as quality care and clinical documentation should include laterality.

This eCQM is a patient-based measure.

Telehealth encounters are not eligible for this measure because the measure requires a clinical action that cannot be conducted via telehealth.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.6. Please refer to the QDM page for more information on the QDM.

Telehealth Eligible No No No
Rationale *See CMS143v10.html *See CMS143v11.html

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that damage the eye’s optic nerve and can result in vision loss and blindness. In 2011, 2.71 million persons in the U.S. had primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and in 2050, an estimated 7.32 million persons will have POAG (Vajaranant, Wu, Torres, & Varma, 2012). Furthermore, a study by Rein, Zhang, & Wirth (2006) estimated that the total financial burden of major visual disorders among U.S. residents aged 40 years or older was $35.4 billion in 2004: $16.2 billion in direct medical costs, $11.1 billion in other direct costs, and $8 billion in productivity losses. Of the direct medical costs, approximately $2.9 billion was attributable to glaucoma (Rein, Zhang, & Wirth, 2006). It is imperative that evidence-based care be delivered to all glaucoma patients.

According to recent guidelines, optic nerve changes are one of the characteristics which reflect progression of glaucoma (the other characteristic is visual field). Examination of the optic nerve head (ONH) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) provides valuable structural information about optic nerve damage from glaucoma. Visible structural alterations of the ONH or RNFL may precede the onset of visual field defects. Careful study of the optic disc neural rim for small hemorrhages is important because these hemorrhages sometimes signal focal disc damage and visual field loss, and they may signify ongoing optic nerve damage in patients with glaucoma (Gedde et al., 2021). Despite evidence emphasizing the value of an optic nerve evaluation, there is a gap in documentation patterns of the optic nerve for both initial and follow-up care.

This measure is intended to promote examination and documentation of the structure and function of the optic nerve, and to monitor and detect disease progression among patients diagnosed with POAG.

Stratification *See CMS143v10.html *See CMS143v11.html

None

Risk Adjustment *See CMS143v10.html *See CMS143v11.html

None

Clinical Recommendation Statement *See CMS143v10.html *See CMS143v11.html

Ophthalmic Evaluation

The ophthalmic evaluation specifically focuses on the following elements in the comprehensive adult medical eye evaluation:

Visual acuity measurement

Pupil examination

Anterior segment examination

IOP measurement

Gonioscopy

Optic nerve head (ONH) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) examination

Fundus examination

(Gedde et al., 2021)

The optic nerve should be carefully examined for the signs of glaucoma damage, and its appearance should be serially documented (I+, moderate quality, strong recommendation) (Gedde et al., 2021).

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Previous Version No Version Available
Specifications
Attachment Size
CMS143v10.html 64.09 KB
CMS143v10.zip 62.8 KB
CMS143v10-TRN.xlsx 20.25 KB
eCQM Jira Issue Tracker

Header

  • Updated the eCQM version number.

    Measure Section: eCQM Version Number

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated Measure Steward.

    Measure Section: Measure Steward

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated Measure Developer.

    Measure Section: Measure Developer

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated copyright.

    Measure Section: Copyright

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated disclaimer.

    Measure Section: Disclaimer

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Added clarifying language to guidance section indicating that the measure is not eligible for telehealth visits.

    Measure Section: Guidance

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Removed language related to setting.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

Logic

  • Updated the names of Clinical Quality Language (CQL) definitions, functions, and/or aliases for clarification and to align with the CQL Style Guide.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Updated the version number of the Measure Authoring Tool (MAT) Global Common Functions Library (MATGlobalCommonFunctions-6.2.000). Updated the 'Inpatient Encounter' definition to include a 'day of' timing clarification. Added the following timing functions: Normalize Interval, Has Start, Has End, Latest, Latest Of, Earliest, and Earliest Of. Please see individual measure details for application of specific timing functions.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Added new NormalizeInterval function to timing attributes to decrease implementation burden due to variable use of timing attributes for select QDM data types. The NormalizeInterval function was applied, where applicable, for the following data elements: Assessment, Performed; Device, Applied; Diagnostic Study, Performed; Intervention, Performed; Laboratory Test, Performed; Medication, Administered; Medication, Dispensed; Physical Exam, Performed; Procedure, Performed; Substance, Administered.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

Value Set

The VSAC is the source of truth for the value set content, please visit the VSAC for downloads of current value sets.

  • Value set Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.326): Deleted 1 SNOMED CT code (66990007) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Office Visit (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1001): Added 1 CPT code (99201) based on validity of code during timing of look back period.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

Last Updated: Feb 13, 2024