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What is Expression Logical Model (ELM) and what is the advantage to using it?

ELM is a machine-readable representation of an electronic clinical quality measure's logic and provides the information needed to automatically retrieve data from an electronic health record. The ELM file can be in XML (.xml) or JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) file (.json).

There are a lot of things that CQL supports, higher level constructs like timing phrases that are translated into a representation in ELM that is focused on implementation so that you do not have to worry about those pieces within ELM. There is nothing that says you could not do all that yourself. But for implementation, using ELM takes those pieces off an implementer’s plate. Individually each of those are not terribly difficult, but when you put them all together and add them up, and the fact that we maintain ELM as a part of this whole infrastructure, it is a significant advantage to be able to use the ELM directly rather than have to start from a parser. Refer to the CQL Educational Resources page for additional guidance.

Last Updated: Jun 13, 2022