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Appropriate Treatment for Children with Upper Respiratory Infection (URI)

Last updated: September 14, 2018

CMS Measure ID: CMS154v7
Version: 7
NQF Number: 0069
Measure Description:

Percentage of children 3 months-18 years of age who were diagnosed with upper respiratory infection (URI) and were not dispensed an antibiotic prescription on or three days after the episode

Initial Patient Population:

Children age 3 months to 18 years who had an outpatient visit with a diagnosis of URI during the measurement period

Denominator Statement:

Equals Initial Populationinfo-icon

Denominator Exclusions:

Exclude children who are taking antibiotics in the 30 days prior to the date of the encounter during which the diagnosis was established. Exclude children who had an encounter with a competing diagnosis within three days after the initial diagnosis of URI.

Exclude patients whose hospice care overlaps the measurement period.

Numerator Statement:

Children without a prescription for antibiotic medication on or 3 days after the outpatient or ED visit for an upper respiratory infection

Numerator Exclusions:

Not Applicable

Denominator Exceptions:

None

Measure Steward: National Committee for Quality Assurance
Domain: Efficiency and Cost Reduction
Previous Version:
Improvement Notation:

Higher scores indicates better quality

Guidance:

This is an episode of care measure that examines all eligible episodes for the patient during the measurement period. If the patient has more than one episode, include all episodes in the measure.

Quality ID: 65
Meaningful Measure: Appropriate Use of Healthcare

Specifications

Release Notes

Header

  • Updated Version Number.

    Measure Section: eMeasure Version number

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated Copyright.

    Measure Section: Copyright

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated measure header rationale to align with most recent literature.

    Measure Section: Rationale

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated clinical recommendation statement to align with current recommendations.

    Measure Section: Clinical Recommendation Statement

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated header references to align with updated rationale and clinical recommendation statement.

    Measure Section: Reference

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated the Denominator Exclusioninfo-icon statement for patients in hospice care to better align with the logic.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exclusionsinfo-icon

    Source of Change: JIRAinfo-icon (CQMinfo-icon-2815)

Logic

  • Replaced 'Discharge status' attribute with 'Admission Source' and 'Discharge Disposition' attributes for 'Encounter, Performed' and 'Encounter, Active' datatypes to align with QDMinfo-icon 5.3 changes.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exclusions

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Added supplemental timing attributes to most datatypes in QDM 5.3 to facilitate accurate retrieval of time related information within CQLinfo-icon logic. Timing attributes now include a time interval, such as prevalence period or relevant period, and/or actual time of documentation with Author Datetime. Relevant period is the general method to describe start and stop times for datatypes. Prevalence period is used for some datatypes to more accurately define onset and abatement times.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Assigned cardinality to each attribute to be more explicit in guiding specificationinfo-icon and implementation of QDM data elements. Cardinality refers to the number of instances of the attribute that can be included in the measure description. Cardinality for most attributes is 0.. 1 (i.e., can occur up to 1 time), but some attributes have a cardinality of 0.. * (i.e., can occur multiple times).

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • CQL libraries contain sets of CQL definitions, or CQL expression statements. A context statement, patient or population, can now be used in a CQL library to clearly establish how the subsequent list of CQL expressions will be interpreted. A 'Population' context will interpret the CQL expression with reference to the entire population of the item being counted, patients or encounters. A 'Patient' context will interpret the CQL expression with reference to a single patient. Context statements are not required, but one or more context statements may be used within a library to help clarify how the CQL expressions will be interpreted. Patient context is the default if none is specified.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Removed the 'Face-To-Face Interaction' data element and added relevant SNOMED codes to the Encounter Grouping value setsinfo-icon to better align between the SNOMED and CPT encounter codes.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Replaced measure-defined definitions with similar definitions and functions from CQL shared libraries for consistency across measures.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Updated measure logic from Quality Data Model (QDM)-based logic to Clinical Quality Language (CQL)-based logic. Information on CQL can be found at the eCQI Resource centerinfo-icon (https://ecqi.healthit.gov/cql). Information about specific versions of the new standards in use for CMS reporting periods can be found at the eCQI Resource Center (https://ecqi.healthit.gov/ecqm-tools-key-resources). Switching from QDM to CQL brings with it many changes, as well as enhanced expression capability, but only those changes with significant impact will be outlined in technical release notes. For example, in the case of timing operators, changes may only be summarized if those changes impact the measure calculation.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

Value Setinfo-icon

The VSACinfo-icon is the source of truth for the value set content, please visit the VSAC for downloads of current value sets.

  • Value set Office Visit (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1001): Added SNOMEDCT extensional value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.11.1264) including 7 codes.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Emergency Department Visit (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1010): Added SNOMEDCT extensional value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.11.1263) including 1 code.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Upper Respiratory Infection (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.102.12.1022): Deleted 1 SNOMEDCT code (54150009).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Antibiotic Medications for Pharyngitis (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1001): Deleted 5 RXNORM codes (1727174, 226633, 247673, 315209, 835341).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Carrier of Predominantly Sexually Transmitted Infection (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.112.11.1023): Added Carrier of Predominantly Sexually Transmitted Infection.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Competing Conditions for Respiratory Conditions (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.102.12.1017): Added 2 SNOMEDCT codes (186932009, 723736005) and deleted 10 SNOMEDCT codes (12366661000119100, 399095008, 123592004, 187042003, 396284006, 14255005, 197325003, 429553003, 200705000, 6136003). Added 16 ICD10CM codes and deleted 1 ICD10CM code (L08.0).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Payer (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.3591): Added 11 SOP codes (299, 32127, 32128, 391, 517, 524, 614, 621, 622, 623, 629) and deleted 3 SOP codes (63, 64, 69).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Face-to-Face Interaction (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1048): Removed Face-to-Face Interaction.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Replaced SNOMEDCT single code value sets with direct referenced codes. A direct referenced code is a single concept code that is used to describe a clinical element directly within the logic. The use of direct referenced codes replaces the need for single code value sets. Measures using other code systems in single value sets may optionally transition to direct referenced codes.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Value set Antibiotic Medications for Pharyngitis (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1001): Added 8 RXNORM codes (199497, 1996246, 199710, 1998483, 2000127, 2000134, 245838, 310156) and deleted 1 RXNORM code (1662283).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: 2019 Addendum

  • Value set Payer (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.3591): Deleted 1 SOP code (24).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: 2019 Addendum

  • Value set Competing Conditions for Respiratory Conditions (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.102.12.1017): Added 80 SNOMEDCT codes and deleted 33 SNOMEDCT codes.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: 2019 Addendum

External Resources