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Follow-Up Care for Children Prescribed ADHD Medication (ADD)

Last updated: September 14, 2018

CMS Measure ID: CMS136v8
Version: 8
NQF Number: 0108
Measure Description:

Percentage of children 6-12 years of age and newly dispensed a medication for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who had appropriate follow-up care. Two rates are reported.

a. Percentage of children who had one follow-up visit with a practitioner with prescribing authority during the 30-Day Initiation Phase.

b. Percentage of children who remained on ADHD medication for at least 210 days and who, in addition to the visit in the Initiation Phase, had at least two additional follow-up visits with a practitioner within 270 days (9 months) after the Initiation Phase ended.

Initial Patient Population:

Initial Populationinfo-icon 1: Children 6-12 years of age who were dispensed an ADHD medication during the Intake Period and who had a visit during the measurement period.

Initial Population 2: Children 6-12 years of age who were dispensed an ADHD medication during the Intake Period and who remained on the medication for at least 210 days out of the 300 days following the IPSD, and who had a visit during the measurement period.

Denominator Statement:

Equals Initial Populationinfo-icon

Denominator Exclusions:

Denominator Exclusioninfo-icon 1: Exclude patients diagnosed with narcolepsy at any point in their history or during the measurement period.

Exclude patients who had an acute inpatient stay with a principal diagnosis of mental health or substance abuse during the 30 days after the IPSD.

Exclude patients who were actively on an ADHD medication in the 120 days prior to the Index Prescription Start Date.

Exclude patients whose hospice care overlaps the measurement period.

Denominator Exclusion 2: Exclude patients diagnosed with narcolepsy at any point in their history or during the measurement period.

Exclude patients who had an acute inpatient stay with a principal diagnosis of mental health or substance abuse during the 300 days after the IPSD.

Exclude patients who were actively on an ADHD medication in the 120 days prior to the Index Prescription Start Date.

Exclude patients whose hospice care overlaps the measurement period.

Numerator Statement:

Numeratorinfo-icon 1: Patients who had at least one face-to-face visit with a practitioner with prescribing authority within 30 days after the IPSD.

Numerator 2: Patients who had at least one face-to-face visit with a practitioner with prescribing authority during the Initiation Phase, and at least two follow-up visits during the Continuation and Maintenance Phase. One of the two visits during the Continuation and Maintenance Phase may be a telephone visit with a practitioner.

Numerator Exclusions:

Not Applicable

Denominator Exceptions:

None

Measure Steward: National Committee for Quality Assurance
Domain: Effective Clinical Care
Previous Version:
Improvement Notation:

Higher score indicates better quality

Guidance:

CUMULATIVE MEDICATION DURATION is an individual's total number of medication days over a specific period; the period counts multiple prescriptions with gaps in between, but does not count the gaps during which a medication was not dispensed.

To determine the cumulative medication duration, determine first the number of the medication Days for each prescription in the period: the number of doses divided by the dose frequency per day. Then add the Medication Days for each prescription without counting any days between the prescriptions.

For example, there is an original prescription for 30 days with 2 refills for thirty days each. After a gap of 3 months, the medication was prescribed again for 60 days with 1 refill for 60 days. The cumulative medication duration is (30 x 3) + (60 x 2) = 210 days over the 10 month period.

Quality ID: 366
Meaningful Measure: Prevention, Treatment, and Management of Mental Health

Specifications

Release Notes

Header

  • Updated Version Number.

    Measure Section: eMeasure Version number

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated Copyright.

    Measure Section: Copyright

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated the Denominator Exclusioninfo-icon statement for patients in hospice care to better align with the logic.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exclusionsinfo-icon

    Source of Change: JIRAinfo-icon (CQMinfo-icon-2815)

Logic

  • Removed 'Cumulative Medication Duration' datatype to conform with QDMinfo-icon 5.3 changes. The concept of cumulative medication duration can now be expressed using CQLinfo-icon logic.

    Measure Section: Initial Populationinfo-icon

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Replaced 'Discharge status' attribute with 'Admission Source' and 'Discharge Disposition' attributes for 'Encounter, Performed' and 'Encounter, Active' datatypes to align with QDM 5.3 changes.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exclusions

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Added supplemental timing attributes to most datatypes in QDM 5.3 to facilitate accurate retrieval of time related information within CQL logic. Timing attributes now include a time interval, such as prevalence period or relevant period, and/or actual time of documentation with Author Datetime. Relevant period is the general method to describe start and stop times for datatypes. Prevalence period is used for some datatypes to more accurately define onset and abatement times.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Assigned cardinality to each attribute to be more explicit in guiding specificationinfo-icon and implementation of QDM data elements. Cardinality refers to the number of instances of the attribute that can be included in the measure description. Cardinality for most attributes is 0.. 1 (i.e., can occur up to 1 time), but some attributes have a cardinality of 0.. * (i.e., can occur multiple times).

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • CQL libraries contain sets of CQL definitions, or CQL expression statements. A context statement, patient or population, can now be used in a CQL library to clearly establish how the subsequent list of CQL expressions will be interpreted. A 'Population' context will interpret the CQL expression with reference to the entire population of the item being counted, patients or encounters. A 'Patient' context will interpret the CQL expression with reference to a single patient. Context statements are not required, but one or more context statements may be used within a library to help clarify how the CQL expressions will be interpreted. Patient context is the default if none is specified.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Removed the 'Face-To-Face Interaction' data element and added relevant SNOMED codes to the Encounter Grouping value setsinfo-icon to better align between the SNOMED and CPT encounter codes.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Replaced measure-defined definitions with similar definitions and functions from CQL shared libraries for consistency across measures.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Updated measure logic from Quality Data Model (QDM)-based logic to Clinical Quality Language (CQL)-based logic. Information on CQL can be found at the eCQI Resource centerinfo-icon (https://ecqi.healthit.gov/cql). Information about specific versions of the new standards in use for CMS reporting periods can be found at the eCQI Resource Center (https://ecqi.healthit.gov/ecqm-tools-key-resources). Switching from QDM to CQL brings with it many changes, as well as enhanced expression capability, but only those changes with significant impact will be outlined in technical release notes. For example, in the case of timing operators, changes may only be summarized if those changes impact the measure calculation.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

Value Setinfo-icon

The VSACinfo-icon is the source of truth for the value set content, please visit the VSAC for downloads of current value sets.

  • Value set Office Visit (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1001): Added SNOMEDCT extensional value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.11.1264) including 7 codes.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Outpatient Consultation (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1008): Added SNOMEDCT extensional value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.11.1266) including 3 codes.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Home Healthcare Services (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1016): Added SNOMEDCT extensional value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.11.1265) including 11 codes.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Inpatient Encounter (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1060): Deleted 1 SNOMEDCT code (55402005).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Substance Abuse (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.106.12.1004): Added 6 SNOMEDCT codes (11047881000119101, 724694006, 724697004, 724703003, 724712001, 724713006).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set ADHD Medications (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1171): Added 7 RXNORM codes (1926840, 1926849, 1926853, 1927610, 1927617, 1927630, 1927637).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Payer (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.3591): Added 11 SOP codes (299, 32127, 32128, 391, 517, 524, 614, 621, 622, 623, 629) and deleted 3 SOP codes (63, 64, 69).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Mental Health Diagnoses (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.105.12.1004): Deleted 59 SNOMEDCT codes. Added 12 ICD10CM codes.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Face-to-Face Interaction (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1048): Removed Face-to-Face Interaction.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Replaced SNOMEDCT single code value sets with direct referenced codes. A direct referenced code is a single concept code that is used to describe a clinical element directly within the logic. The use of direct referenced codes replaces the need for single code value sets. Measures using other code systems in single value sets may optionally transition to direct referenced codes.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Value set Substance Abuse (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.106.12.1004): Added 2 SNOMEDCT codes (737336003, 762504005).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: 2019 Addendum

  • Value set Narcolepsy (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.114.12.1011): Added 2 SNOMEDCT codes (427426006, 735676003).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: 2019 Addendum

  • Value set ADHD Medications (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1171): Added 5 RXNORM codes (1995461, 2001564, 2001565, 2001566, 2001568).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: 2019 Addendum

  • Value set Payer (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.3591): Deleted 1 SOP code (24).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: 2019 Addendum

  • Value set Mental Health Diagnoses (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.105.12.1004): Added 353 SNOMEDCT codes and deleted 222 SNOMEDCT codes. Added 1 ICD10CM code (F32.8).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: 2019 Addendum

External Resources