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Cervical Cancer Screening

Last updated: September 14, 2018

CMS Measure ID: CMS124v7
Version: 7
NQF Number: 0032
Measure Description:

Percentage of women 21-64 years of age who were screened for cervical cancer using either of the following criteria:

* Women age 21-64 who had cervical cytology performed every 3 years

* Women age 30-64 who had cervical cytology/human papillomavirus (HPV) co-testing performed every 5 years

Initial Patient Population:

Women 23-64 years of age with a visit during the measurement period

Denominator Statement:

Equals Initial Populationinfo-icon

Denominator Exclusions:

Women who had a hysterectomy with no residual cervix or a congenital absence of cervix.

Exclude patients whose hospice care overlaps the measurement period.

Numerator Statement:

Women with one or more screenings for cervical cancer. Appropriate screenings are defined by any one of the following criteria:

- Cervical cytology performed during the measurement period or the two years prior to the measurement period for women who are at least 21 years old at the time of the test

- Cervical cytology/human papillomavirus (HPV) co-testing performed during the measurement period or the four years prior to the measurement period for women who are at least 30 years old at the time of the test

Numerator Exclusions:

Not Applicable

Denominator Exceptions:

None

Measure Steward: National Committee for Quality Assurance
Domain: Effective Clinical Care
Previous Version:
Improvement Notation:

Higher score equals better quality

Guidance:

To ensure the measure is only looking for a cervical cytology test only after a woman turns 21 years of age, the youngest age in the initial populationinfo-icon is 23.

Patient self-report for procedures as well as diagnostic studies should be recorded in 'Procedure, Performed' template or 'Diagnostic Study, Performed' template in QRDAinfo-icon-1.

Include only cytology and HPV co-testing; in co-testing, both cytology and HPV tests are performed (i.e., the samples are collected and both tests are ordered, regardless of the cytology result) on the same date of service. Do not include reflex testing. In addition, if the medical record indicates the HPV test was performed only after determining the cytology result, this is considered reflex testing and does not meet criteria for the measure.

Quality ID: 309
Meaningful Measure: Preventive Care

Specifications

Release Notes

Header

  • Updated Version Number.

    Measure Section: eMeasure Version number

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated Copyright.

    Measure Section: Copyright

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated measure header rationale to align with most recent literature.

    Measure Section: Rationale

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated header references to align with updated rationale and clinical recommendation statement.

    Measure Section: Reference

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated the measure guidance to remove irrelevant language and clarify where to locate information for the measure.

    Measure Section: Guidance

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated the Denominator Exclusioninfo-icon statement for patients in hospice care to better align with the logic.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exclusionsinfo-icon

    Source of Change: JIRAinfo-icon (CQMinfo-icon-2815)

Logic

  • Added exclusion for congenital absence of cervix to better align with intent of measure.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exclusions

    Source of Change: JIRA (CQM-2735)

  • Replaced 'Discharge status' attribute with 'Admission Source' and 'Discharge Disposition' attributes for 'Encounter, Performed' and 'Encounter, Active' datatypes to align with QDMinfo-icon 5.3 changes.

    Measure Section: Denominator Exclusions

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Added supplemental timing attributes to most datatypes in QDM 5.3 to facilitate accurate retrieval of time related information within CQLinfo-icon logic. Timing attributes now include a time interval, such as prevalence period or relevant period, and/or actual time of documentation with Author Datetime. Relevant period is the general method to describe start and stop times for datatypes. Prevalence period is used for some datatypes to more accurately define onset and abatement times.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Assigned cardinality to each attribute to be more explicit in guiding specificationinfo-icon and implementation of QDM data elements. Cardinality refers to the number of instances of the attribute that can be included in the measure description. Cardinality for most attributes is 0.. 1 (i.e., can occur up to 1 time), but some attributes have a cardinality of 0.. * (i.e., can occur multiple times).

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • CQL libraries contain sets of CQL definitions, or CQL expression statements. A context statement, patient or population, can now be used in a CQL library to clearly establish how the subsequent list of CQL expressions will be interpreted. A 'Population' context will interpret the CQL expression with reference to the entire population of the item being counted, patients or encounters. A 'Patient' context will interpret the CQL expression with reference to a single patient. Context statements are not required, but one or more context statements may be used within a library to help clarify how the CQL expressions will be interpreted. Patient context is the default if none is specified.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Removed the 'Face-To-Face Interaction' data element and added relevant SNOMED codes to the Encounter Grouping value setsinfo-icon to better align between the SNOMED and CPT encounter codes.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Replaced measure-defined definitions with similar definitions and functions from CQL shared libraries for consistency across measures.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Updated measure logic from Quality Data Model (QDM)-based logic to Clinical Quality Language (CQL)-based logic. Information on CQL can be found at the eCQI Resource centerinfo-icon (https://ecqi.healthit.gov/cql). Information about specific versions of the new standards in use for CMS reporting periods can be found at the eCQI Resource Center (https://ecqi.healthit.gov/ecqm-tools-key-resources). Switching from QDM to CQL brings with it many changes, as well as enhanced expression capability, but only those changes with significant impact will be outlined in technical release notes. For example, in the case of timing operators, changes may only be summarized if those changes impact the measure calculation.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

Value Setinfo-icon

The VSACinfo-icon is the source of truth for the value set content, please visit the VSAC for downloads of current value sets.

  • Value set Office Visit (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1001): Added SNOMEDCT extensional value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.11.1264) including 7 codes.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Home Healthcare Services (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1016): Added SNOMEDCT extensional value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.11.1265) including 11 codes.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Hysterectomy with No Residual Cervix (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.198.12.1014): Added 1 CPT code (56308).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set HPV Test (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.110.12.1059): Added 3 LOINC codes (82354-2, 82456-5, 82675-0).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Payer (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.3591): Added 11 SOP codes (299, 32127, 32128, 391, 517, 524, 614, 621, 622, 623, 629) and deleted 3 SOP codes (63, 64, 69).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Face-to-Face Interaction (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1048): Removed Face-to-Face Interaction.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Replaced SNOMEDCT single code value sets with direct referenced codes. A direct referenced code is a single concept code that is used to describe a clinical element directly within the logic. The use of direct referenced codes replaces the need for single code value sets. Measures using other code systems in single value sets may optionally transition to direct referenced codes.

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Value set Payer (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.3591): Deleted 1 SOP code (24).

    Measure Section: QDM Data Elements

    Source of Change: 2019 Addendum

External Resources