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CMS Measure ID: CMS146v8    Performance/Reporting Period: 2020    Version: 8    NQF Number: Not Applicable
Description:

Percentage of children 3-18 years of age who were diagnosed with pharyngitis, ordered an antibiotic and received a group A streptococcus (strep) test for the episode

Data Elements and coded QDM Attributes contained within the eCQM

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Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent diagnoses of bacterial or viral acute pharyngitis.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Diagnosis.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with a diagnosis of either bacterial and viral acute pharyngitis. This is a value set grouping that includes ICD-10-CM and SNOMED CT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Diagnosis: Acute Pharyngitis value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.102.12.1011)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Diagnosis"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the Condition/Diagnosis/Problem and its corresponding value set. The onset dateTime corresponds to the implicit start dateTime of the datatype and the abatement dateTime corresponds to the implicit stop dateTime of the datatype. If the abatement dateTime is not present, then the diagnosis is considered to still be active. When this datatype is used with timing relationships, the criterion is looking for an active diagnosis for the time frame indicated by the timing relationships.

Timing: The Prevalence Period references the time from the onset date to the abatement date.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent diagnoses of bacterial or viral acute tonsillitis.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Diagnosis.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes relevant concepts associated with a diagnosis of either bacterial and viral acute tonsillitis. This is a value set grouping that includes ICD-10-CM and SNOMED CT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Diagnosis: Acute Tonsillitis value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.102.12.1012)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Diagnosis"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the Condition/Diagnosis/Problem and its corresponding value set. The onset dateTime corresponds to the implicit start dateTime of the datatype and the abatement dateTime corresponds to the implicit stop dateTime of the datatype. If the abatement dateTime is not present, then the diagnosis is considered to still be active. When this datatype is used with timing relationships, the criterion is looking for an active diagnosis for the time frame indicated by the timing relationships.

Timing: The Prevalence Period references the time from the onset date to the abatement date.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent a diagnosis for an acute bacterial infection that may warrant treatment with an antibiotic medication.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Diagnosis.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with the diagnosis of acute bacterial infections that may warrant treatment with an antibiotic medication. This is a value set grouping that includes ICD-10-CM and SNOMED CT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes acute diagnoses that do not warrant treatment with an antibiotic medication.

Constrained to codes in the Diagnosis: Competing Conditions for Respiratory Conditions value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.102.12.1017)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Diagnosis"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the Condition/Diagnosis/Problem and its corresponding value set. The onset dateTime corresponds to the implicit start dateTime of the datatype and the abatement dateTime corresponds to the implicit stop dateTime of the datatype. If the abatement dateTime is not present, then the diagnosis is considered to still be active. When this datatype is used with timing relationships, the criterion is looking for an active diagnosis for the time frame indicated by the timing relationships.

Timing: The Prevalence Period references the time from the onset date to the abatement date.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients who received observational stay discharge day management.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with services provided to a patient on discharge from outpatient hospital observation status if the discharge is on other than the initial date of observation status.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Discharge Services- Observation Care value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1039)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients who have had an interaction with a member of their medical care team in the emergency department.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with care provided to new and established patients in the emergency department. This is a value set grouping that includes CPT and SNOMED CT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes services not performed in the emergency department, including critical care and observation services.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Emergency Department Visit value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1010)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent the most common inpatient encounter types.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Encounter. The intent of this data element is to identify patients who have had an inpatient encounter.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with SNOMED CT codes representing inpatient encounter.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Encounter Inpatient value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.666.5.307)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients who have had a home health visit by a provider for the evaluation or management of a new or existing patient.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with home visits for the evaluation and management of a new or established patient. This is a grouping value set of CPT and SNOMED CT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Home Healthcare Services value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1016)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent initial inpatient hospital observation care.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with initial observation care for the evaluation and management of a patient. This is a grouping of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Hospital Observation Care - Initial value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1002)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent work related or medical disability examinations.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with work related or medical disability examinations. This is a grouping of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Medical Disability Exam value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.11.1233)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location

["Encounter, Performed": "Office Visit 1"]

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients who have had an office or other outpatient visit.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with comprehensive history, evaluation, and management of a patient in an office or outpatient facility. Patient can be presenting with problems that are minor to high severity. This is a grouping value set of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes non-office visits, including telehealth services.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Office Visit 1 value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1001)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location

["Encounter, Performed": "Outpatient Consultation 1"]

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients who have had an outpatient interaction at an office with a member of their medical care team.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with comprehensive history, evaluation, and management of a patient in an office or outpatient facility. Patient can be presenting with problems that are minor to high severity. This is a grouping value set of CPT and SNOMED CT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes non-office visits, including telehealth services.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Outpatient Consultation 1 value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1008)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location

["Encounter, Performed": "Preventive Care Services - Established Office Visit, 18 and Up 1"]

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients over the age of 18 who have had an established preventive care office visit.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with comprehensive preventive medicine reevaluation and management of an individual the age of 18 years or over. This is a grouping value set of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes non-office visits, including telehealth services.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Preventive Care Services - Established Office Visit, 18 and Up 1 value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1025)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent group counseling services.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with identifying preventive medicine counseling and/or risk factor reduction intervention(s) provided to individuals in a group setting.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Preventive Care Services - Group Counseling value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1027)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent unlisted preventive medicine services.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with unlisted preventive medicine services. This is a grouping of a CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Preventive Care Services - Other value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1030)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent initial comprehensive preventive medical evaluation, including regular preventive care or care of small problem or preexisting condition that requires no extra work, to be associated with patients 0-17 years of age, that have no prior outpatient professional services from the physician practice in the last 3 years.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with ages 0-17, and that indicate initial comprehensive preventive medical evaluation, including regular preventive care or care of small problem or preexisting condition that requires no extra work, for a patient that has no prior outpatient professional services from the physician practice in the last 3 years. This is a grouping value set of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes codes that are not for comprehensive preventive medical evaluations and codes that are for patients who have been seen in the last 3 years.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Preventive Care Services, Initial Office Visit, 0 to 17 value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1022)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients who have received preventive medicine counseling and/or risk factor reduction interventions.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with counseling, anticipatory guidance, and risk factor reduction interventions. Preventative care and individual counseling encounters can be 15 to 60 minutes. This is a grouping of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes codes for services performed in the emergency department, including critical care and observation services.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Preventive Care Services-Individual Counseling value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1026)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location

["Encounter, Performed": "Preventive Care Services-Initial Office Visit, 18 and Up"]

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients over the age of 18 who have had an initial preventive care office visit.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with comprehensive preventive medicine reevaluation and management of an individual the age of 18 years or over. This is a grouping value set of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes non-office visits, including telehealth services.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Preventive Care Services-Initial Office Visit, 18 and Up value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1023)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent initial comprehensive preventive medical evaluation, including regular preventive care or care of small problem or preexisting condition that requires no extra work, to be associated with patients 0-17 years of age, that received prior outpatient professional services from the physician practice in the last 3 years.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Encounter, Performed.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with ages 0-17, and indicating initial comprehensive preventive medical evaluation, including regular preventive care or care of small problem or preexisting condition that requires no extra work, for a patient that received prior outpatient professional services from the physician practice in the last 3 years. This is a grouping value set of CPT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes codes that are not for comprehensive preventive medical evaluations and codes that are for patients who have not been seen in the last 3 years.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Preventive Care, Established Office Visit, 0 to 17 value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1024)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Encounter, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime -the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime -the time the patient departed from the location
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Procedure, Order or Intervention, Order. The intent of this value set is to identify all patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with hospice care concepts.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes concepts for palliative care or comfort measures.

Constrained to codes in the Intervention, Order: Hospice care ambulatory value set (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1108.15)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Intervention, Order"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document a request to perform the intervention indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The time the order is signed; Author dateTime

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Procedure, Order or Intervention, Order. The intent of this value set is to identify all patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with hospice care concepts.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes concepts for palliative care or comfort measures.

Constrained to codes in the Intervention, Performed: Hospice care ambulatory value set (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1108.15)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Intervention, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the completion of the intervention indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the intervention begins
  • stopTime – the time the intervention ends

NOTE - timing refers to a single instance of an intervention. If a measure seeks to evaluate multiple interventions over a period of time, the measure developer should use CQL logic to represent the query request.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent laboratory tests for group A streptococcus.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Laboratory Test.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with laboratory tests used to identify the presence of group A streptococcus in the throat.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Laboratory Test, Performed: Group A Streptococcus Test value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.198.12.1012)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Laboratory Test, Performed"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the laboratory test indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set was performed.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – when the laboratory test is initiated (i.e., the time the specimen collection begins)
  • stopTime – when the laboratory test is completed (i.e., the time the specimen collection ends)

Examples:

  • Initiation of a venipuncture for a fasting blood glucose to the time venipuncture for the fasting blood glucose is completed – basically a single point in time for many specimen collections
  • Initiation of a 24-hour urine collection for measured creatinine clearance until completion of the 24-hour urine collection

Note – the time that the result report is available is a separate attribute than the time of the study (specimen collection).

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent antibiotic medications.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Medication, Active or Medication, Ordered.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with semantic clinical drugs (concepts associated with component, form and strength); generic; prescribable; antibiotics only.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes branded drugs; components or ingredients only; non-prescribable; antibiotics in combination with other medications.

Constrained to codes in the Medication, Active: Antibiotic Medications for Pharyngitis value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1001)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Medication, Active"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the medication indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is being taken by the patient. Keep in mind that when this datatype is used with timing relationships, the criterion is looking for a medication being taken for the time frame indicated by the timing relationships.

A QDM Known Issue has been identified related to this datatype. To see this QDM known Issue, please click here.  

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime - when the medication is first known to be used (generally the time of entry on the medication list),
  • stopTime - when the medication is discontinued (generally, the time discontinuation is recorded on the medication list)
Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent antibiotic medications.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Medication, Active or Medication, Ordered.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with semantic clinical drugs (concepts associated with component, form and strength); generic; prescribable; antibiotics only.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes branded drugs; components or ingredients only; non-prescribable; antibiotics in combination with other medications.

Constrained to codes in the Medication, Order: Antibiotic Medications for Pharyngitis value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1001)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Medication, Order"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document a request to a pharmacy to provide the medication indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The Author dateTime is the time the order is signed.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime - when the first administration of the medication is expected. The first administration may be expected at the time of the order or at a specified future date (i.e., the active time for the order); such information should be identified in the medication order. If the startTime is not specified in the order, the startTime defaults to the Author dateTime (the time the order is signed).
  • stopTime - when the medication supply provided by the medication order is expected to be completed, including all fulfillments covered by the number of refills.

Note that when calculating cumulative medication duration, the stopTime may be present directly in the medication order. If the stopTime is not available, the duration in days is the difference between the Relevant Period start and stop times multiplied by (1 + the number of refills).

Direct Reference Code

Constrained to 'Birth date' LOINC code

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Patient Characteristic Birthdate"

The Patient Characteristic Birthdate data element should document the patient’s date of birth. Timing: The Patient Characteristic, Birthdate is a single point in time representing the date and time of birth. It does not have a start and stop time. Note: Patient Characteristic Birthdate is fixed to LOINC code 21112-8 (Birth date) and therefore cannot be further qualified with a value set.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: n/a Data Element Scope: n/a Inclusion Criteria: n/a Exclusion Criteria: n/a

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic, Ethnicity: Ethnicity value set (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.837)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Patient Characteristic Ethnicity"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the patient has one or more of the ethnicities indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: Ethnicity does not have a specific timing. Measures using Patient Characteristic, Ethnicity should address the most recent entry in the clinical record.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: Categories of types of health care payor entities as defined by the US Public Health Data Consortium SOP code system
Data Element Scope: @code in CCDA r2.1 template Planned Coverage [act: identifier urn:oid:2.16.840.1.113883.10.20.22.4.129 (open)] DYNAMIC
Inclusion Criteria: All codes in the code system
Exclusion Criteria: none

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic, Payer: Payer value set (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.3591)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Patient Characteristic Payer"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the patient has one or more of the payers indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the first day of insurance coverage with the referenced payer
  • stopTime – the last day of insurance coverage with the referenced payer

 

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: n/a Data Element Scope: n/a Inclusion Criteria: n/a Exclusion Criteria: n/a

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic, Race: Race value set (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.836)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Patient Characteristic Race"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the patient’s race.

Timing: Race does not have a specific timing. Measures using Patient Characteristic, Race should address the most recent entry in the clinical record.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: Gender identity restricted to only Male and Female used in administrative situations requiring a restriction to these two categories.
Data Element Scope: Gender
Inclusion Criteria: Male and Female only.
Exclusion Criteria: Any gender identity that is not male or female.

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic, Sex: ONC Administrative Sex value set (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.4)

"Patient Characteristic Sex"

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the patient's sex matches the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: Birth (administrative) sex does not have a specific timing.