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CMS Measure ID:
Version:
7
NQF Number:
None
Performance/Reporting Period
2019
Description:

Percentage of children 3-18 years of age who were diagnosed with pharyngitis, ordered an antibiotic and received a group A streptococcus (strep) test for the episode

Data Elements contained within the eCQM + Expand all

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent diagnoses of bacterial or viral acute pharyngitis.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Diagnosis.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with a diagnosis of either bacterial and viral acute pharyngitis. This is a value set grouping that includes ICD-10-CM and SNOMED CT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Diagnosis: Acute Pharyngitis value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.102.12.1011)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Diagnosis

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the Condition/Diagnosis/Problem and its corresponding value set. The onset dateTime corresponds to the implicit start dateTime of the datatype and the abatement dateTime corresponds to the implicit stop dateTime of the datatype. If the abatement dateTime is not present, then the diagnosis is considered to still be active. When this datatype is used with timing relationships, the criterion is looking for an active diagnosis for the time frame indicated by the timing relationships.

Timing: The Prevalence Period references the time from the onset date to the abatement date.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent diagnoses of bacterial or viral acute tonsillitis.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Diagnosis.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes relevant concepts associated with a diagnosis of either bacterial and viral acute tonsillitis. This is a value set grouping that includes ICD-10-CM and SNOMED CT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Diagnosis: Acute Tonsillitis value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.102.12.1012)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Diagnosis

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the Condition/Diagnosis/Problem and its corresponding value set. The onset dateTime corresponds to the implicit start dateTime of the datatype and the abatement dateTime corresponds to the implicit stop dateTime of the datatype. If the abatement dateTime is not present, then the diagnosis is considered to still be active. When this datatype is used with timing relationships, the criterion is looking for an active diagnosis for the time frame indicated by the timing relationships.

Timing: The Prevalence Period references the time from the onset date to the abatement date.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients who have had an interaction with a member of their medical care team in the emergency department or an ambulatory care setting.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Encounter.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with care provided to new and established patients in the emergency department or ambulatory care setting. Includes only relevant concepts associated with ED, home health, in-office, and observation visits. This is a value set grouping that contains CPT and SNOMED CT codes.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes encounters that occurred in the inpatient setting.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Ambulatory/ED Visit value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1061)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Encounter, Performed

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime - the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime - the time the patient departed from the location

 

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent the most common inpatient encounter types.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Encounter. The intent of this data element is to identify patients who have had an inpatient encounter.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with SNOMED CT codes representing inpatient encounter.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Encounter, Performed: Encounter Inpatient value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.666.5.307)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Encounter, Performed

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the encounter indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is in progress or has been completed.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the encounter began (admission time)
  • stopTime – the time the encounter ended (discharge time)

The Author dateTime addresses when an Encounter is documented. Documentation can occur at the beginning, during, at the end or subsequent to the end of an Encounter. The Author dateTime should be used only if the Relevant Period cannot be obtained.

The Location Period is an attribute of the attribute facility location addresses:

  • startTime - the time the patient arrived at the location;
  • stopTime - the time the patient departed from the location

 

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Procedure, Order or Intervention, Order. The intent of this value set is to identify all patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with hospice care concepts.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes concepts for palliative care or comfort measures.

Constrained to codes in the Intervention, Order: Hospice care ambulatory value set (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1108.15)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Intervention, Order

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document a request to perform the intervention indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The time the order is signed; Author dateTime

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Procedure, Order or Intervention, Order. The intent of this value set is to identify all patients receiving hospice care outside of a hospital or long term care facility.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with hospice care concepts.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes concepts for palliative care or comfort measures.

Constrained to codes in the Intervention, Performed: Hospice care ambulatory value set (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1108.15)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Intervention, Performed

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the completion of the intervention indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the time the intervention begins
  • stopTime – the time the intervention ends

NOTE - timing refers to a single instance of an intervention. If a measure seeks to evaluate multiple interventions over a period of time, the measure developer should use CQL logic to represent the query request.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent laboratory tests for group A streptococcus.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Laboratory Test.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with laboratory tests used to identify the presence of group A streptococcus in the throat.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Laboratory Test, Performed: Group A Streptococcus Test value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.198.12.1012)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Laboratory Test, Performed

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the laboratory test indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set was performed.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – when the laboratory test is initiated (i.e., the time the specimen collection begins)
  • stopTime – when the laboratory test is completed (i.e., the time the specimen collection ends)

Examples:

  • Initiation of a venipuncture for a fasting blood glucose to the time venipuncture for the fasting blood glucose is completed – basically a single point in time for many specimen collections
  • Initiation of a 24-hour urine collection for measured creatinine clearance until completion of the 24-hour urine collection

Note – the time that the result report is available is a separate attribute than the time of the study (specimen collection).

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent antibiotic medications.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Medication, Active or Medication, Ordered.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with semantic clinical drugs (concepts associated with component, form and strength); generic; prescribable; antibiotics only.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes branded drugs; components or ingredients only; non-prescribable; antibiotics in combination with other medications.

Constrained to codes in the Medication, Active: Antibiotic Medications for Pharyngitis value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1001)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Medication, Active

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the medication indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set is being taken by the patient. Keep in mind that when this datatype is used with timing relationships, the criterion is looking for a medication being taken for the time frame indicated by the timing relationships.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime - when the medication is first known to be used (generally the time of entry on the medication list),
  • stopTime - when the medication is discontinued (generally, the time discontinuation is recorded on the medication list)

 

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent antibiotic medications.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Medication, Active or Medication, Ordered.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with semantic clinical drugs (concepts associated with component, form and strength); generic; prescribable; antibiotics only.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes branded drugs; components or ingredients only; non-prescribable; antibiotics in combination with other medications.

Constrained to codes in the Medication, Order: Antibiotic Medications for Pharyngitis value set (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1001)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Medication, Order

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document a request to a pharmacy to provide the medication indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The Author dateTime is the time the order is signed.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime - when the first administration of the medication is expected. The first administration may be expected at the time of the order or at a specified future date (i.e., the active time for the order); such information should be identified in the medication order. If the startTime is not specified in the order, the startTime defaults to the Author dateTime (the time the order is signed).
  • stopTime - when the medication supply provided by the medication order is expected to be completed, including all fulfillments covered by the number of refills.

Note that when calculating cumulative medication duration, the stopTime may be present directly in the medication order. If the stopTime is not available, the duration in days is the difference between the Relevant Period start and stop times multiplied by (1 + the number of refills).

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent whether the patient is Hispanic or not; ethnicity category defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Center for Health Statistics.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Patient Characteristic Ethnicity.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with ethnicity defined as Hispanic or Latino, or Not Hispanic or Latino.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic Ethnicity: Ethnicity value set (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.837)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Patient Characteristic Ethnicity

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the patient has one or more of the ethnicities indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: Ethnicity does not have a specific timing. Measures using Patient Characteristic, Ethnicity should address the most recent entry in the clinical record.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent categories of types of health care payor entities as defined by the US Public Health Data Consortium SOP code system.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Patient Characteristic Payer.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with payer codes in the code system.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic Payer: Payer value set (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.3591)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Patient Characteristic Payer

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the patient has one or more of the payers indicated by the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: The Relevant Period addresses:

  • startTime – the first day of insurance coverage with the referenced payer
  • stopTime – the last day of insurance coverage with the referenced payer

 

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent the general race category reported by the patient - subject may have more than one; defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Center for Health Statistics.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Patient Characteristic Race.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with the following race categories: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, Other Race, White.
Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic Race: Race value set (2.16.840.1.114222.4.11.836)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Patient Characteristic Race

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document the patient’s race.

Timing: Race does not have a specific timing. Measures using Patient Characteristic, Race should address the most recent entry in the clinical record.

Value Set Description from VSAC
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent gender identity restricted to only male and female used in administrative situations requiring a restriction to these two categories.
Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) datatype related to Patient Characteristic Sex.
Inclusion Criteria: Includes relevant concepts associated with gender concepts for male and female only.
Exclusion Criteria: Excludes any gender identity that is not male or female.

Constrained to codes in the Patient Characteristic Sex: ONC Administrative Sex value set (2.16.840.1.113762.1.4.1)

QDM Datatype and Definition (QDM Version 5.3)

Patient Characteristic Sex

Data elements that meet criteria using this datatype should document that the patient's sex matches the QDM category and its corresponding value set.

Timing: Birth (administrative) sex does not have a specific timing.