Back to top
Top

Appropriate Use of DXA Scans in Women Under 65 Years Who Do Not Meet the Risk Factor Profile for Osteoporotic Fracture

Specifications
Attachment Size
CMS249v3.html 86.81 KB
CMS249v3.zip 99 KB
CMS249v3-TRN.xlsx 22.29 KB

General eCQM Information

CMS Measure ID CMS249v3
NQF Number 3475e
Measure Description

Percentage of female patients 50 to 64 years of age without select risk factors for osteoporotic fracture who received an order for a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan during the measurement period

Initial Population Female patients ages 50 to 64 years with an encounter during the measurement period
Denominator Statement

Equals Initial Population

Denominator Exclusions

Exclude patients with a combination of risk factors (as determined by age) or one of the independent risk factors

Ages: 50-54 (>=4 combination risk factors) or 1 independent risk factor

Ages: 55-59 (>=3 combination risk factors) or 1 independent risk factor

Ages: 60-64 (>=2 combination risk factors) or 1 independent risk factor

COMBINATION RISK FACTORS [The following risk factors are all combination risk factors; they are grouped by when they occur in relation to the measurement period]:

The following risk factors may occur any time in the patient's history but must be active during the measurement period:

White (race)

BMI <= 20 kg/m2 (must be the first BMI of the measurement period)

Smoker (current during the measurement period)

Alcohol consumption (> two units per day (one unit is 12 oz. of beer, 4 oz. of wine, or 1 oz. of liquor))

The following risk factor may occur any time in the patient's history and must not start during the measurement period:

Osteopenia

The following risk factors may occur at any time in the patient's history or during the measurement period:

Rheumatoid arthritis

Hyperthyroidism

Malabsorption Syndromes: celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, cystic fibrosis, malabsorption

Chronic liver disease

Chronic malnutrition

The following risk factors may occur any time in the patient's history and do not need to be active at the start of the measurement period:

Documentation of history of hip fracture in parent

Osteoporotic fracture

Glucocorticoids (>= 5 mg/per day) [cumulative medication duration >= 90 days]

INDEPENDENT RISK FACTORS (The following risk factors are all independent risk factors; they are grouped by when they occur in relation to the measurement period):

The following risk factors may occur at any time in the patient's history and must not start during the measurement period:

Osteoporosis

The following risk factors may occur at any time in the patient's history prior to the start of the measurement period, but do not need to be active during the measurement period:

Gastric bypass

FRAX[R] ten-year probability of all major osteoporosis related fracture >= 8.4 percent

Aromatase inhibitors

The following risk factors may occur at any time in the patient's history or during the measurement period:

Type I Diabetes

End stage renal disease

Osteogenesis imperfecta

Ankylosing spondylitis

Psoriatic arthritis

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

Cushing's syndrome

Hyperparathyroidism

Marfan syndrome

Lupus

Numerator Statement

Female patients who received an order for at least one DXA scan in the measurement period

Numerator Exclusions

Not Applicable

Denominator Exceptions

None

Measure Steward Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)
Domain Efficiency and Cost Reduction
Measure Scoring Proportion measure
Measure Type Process measure
Improvement Notation

Lower score indicates better quality

Guidance

There are two ways that a patient can be excluded from the measure:

1. The patient has a specific number of "combination" risk factors (the number of risk factors varies by age).

2. The patient has one or more of the "independent" risk factors, including a 10-year probability of major osteoporotic fracture of 8.4 percent or higher as determined by the FRAX.

This eCQM is a patient-based measure.

This version of the eCQM uses QDM version 5.5. Please refer to the eCQI resource center for more information on the QDM.

Quality ID 472
Meaningful Measure Appropriate Use of Healthcare
Telehealth Eligible Yes
Previous Version
Release Notes

Header

  • Updated eCQM Version Number.

    Measure Section: eCQM Version Number

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Updated National Quality Forum (NQF) Number to NQF #3475e.

    Measure Section: NQF Number

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated endorsed by to National Quality Forum.

    Measure Section: Endorsed By

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated copyright.

    Measure Section: Copyright

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Updated references.

    Measure Section: Reference

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Replaced ‘provider’ with ‘clinician’ ​in the definition statement to provide a more accurate description of who uses the tool.

    Measure Section: Definition

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Added text to identify the Quality Data Model (QDM) version used in the measure specification.

    Measure Section: Guidance

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Added text to indicate whether the measure is patient-based or episode-based.

    Measure Section: Guidance

    Source of Change: Standards Update

Logic

  • Updated the names of Clinical Quality Language (CQL) definitions, functions, and/or aliases for clarification and to align with the CQL Style Guide.

    Measure Section: Definitions

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Updated timing logic for the follow-up assessment to use 'in Interval' to simplify logic and promote harmonization between measures.

    Measure Section: Definitions

    Source of Change: Measure Lead

  • Updated the names of CQL definitions, functions, and/or aliases for clarification and to align with the CQL Style Guide.

    Measure Section: Functions

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • QDM v5.5 standards update: Added 'relevantDatetime' attribute to QDM datatypes. 'RelevantDatetime' indicates when the action occurred whereas 'authorDatetime' indicates when the action was recorded.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Updated CQL expression to conform with the HL7 Standard: Clinical Quality Language Specification, Release 1 STU 4 (CQL 1.4).

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

  • Updated version number of the Measure Authoring Tool (MAT) Global Common Functions Library (MATGlobalCommonFunctions-5.0.000). Updated definitions and functions in the MAT Global Common Functions Library to align with standards changes, CQL Style Guide, and to include one new function related to calculating length of hospital stays with observation stays.

    Measure Section: Multiple Sections

    Source of Change: Standards Update

Value Set

The VSAC is the source of truth for the value set content, please visit the VSAC for downloads of current value sets.

  • Value set Aromatase Inhibitors (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1265): Deleted 2 RxNorm codes (1098617, 795141) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Ehlers Danlos Syndrome (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.113.12.1047): Added 5 ICD-10-CM codes (Q79.60, Q79.61, Q79.62, Q79.63, Q79.69) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set End Stage Renal Disease (2.16.840.1.113883.3.526.3.353): Deleted 1 ICD-9-CM code (585.6) based on validity of code during timing of look back period.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Gastric Bypass Surgery (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.198.12.1050): Deleted 1 SNOMED CT code (73206007) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Glucocorticoids (oral only) (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.196.12.1266): Deleted 2 RxNorm codes (199320, 795858) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Malabsorption Syndromes (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.199.12.1050): Deleted 1 SNOMED CT code (12109003) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Outpatient Consultation (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.101.12.1008): Deleted 1 SNOMED CT code (17436001) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Rheumatoid Arthritis (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.113.12.1005): Deleted 1 SNOMED CT code (239942007) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

  • Value set Type 1 Diabetes (2.16.840.1.113883.3.464.1003.103.12.1020): Deleted 1 SNOMED CT code (314894004) based on terminology update.

    Measure Section: Terminology

    Source of Change: Annual Update

Last Updated: Jul 01, 2020